A Census of Atmospheric Variability From Seconds to Decades

Williams, Paul D.; Alexander, M. Joan; Barnes, Elizabeth A.; Butler, Amy H.; Davies, Huw C.; Garfinkel, Chaim I.; Kushnir, Yochanan; Lane, Todd P.; Lundquist, Julie K.; Martius, Olivia; Maue, Ryan N.; Peltier, W. Richard; Sato, Kaoru; Scaife, Adam A.; Zhang, Chidong (2017). A Census of Atmospheric Variability From Seconds to Decades. Geophysical Research Letters, 44(21), 11,201-11,211. American Geophysical Union 10.1002/2017GL075483

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This paper synthesizes and summarizes atmospheric variability on time scales from seconds to decades through a phenomenological census. We focus mainly on unforced variability in the troposphere, stratosphere, and mesosphere. In addition to atmosphere-only modes, our scope also includes coupled modes, in which the atmosphere interacts with the other components of the Earth system, such as the ocean, hydrosphere, and cryosphere. The topics covered include turbulence on time scales of seconds and minutes, gravity waves on time scales of hours, weather systems on time scales of days, atmospheric blocking on time scales of weeks, the Madden–Julian Oscillation on time scales of months, the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation and El Niño–Southern Oscillation on time scales of years, and the North Atlantic, Arctic, Antarctic, Pacific Decadal, and Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillations on time scales of decades. The paper serves as an introduction to a special collection of Geophysical Research Letters on atmospheric variability. We hope that both this paper and the collection will serve as a useful resource for the atmospheric science community and will act as inspiration for setting future research directions.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Physical Geography > Unit Climatology
10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Physical Geography

UniBE Contributor:

Romppainen-Martius, Olivia

Subjects:

900 History > 910 Geography & travel
500 Science > 530 Physics
500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

0094-8276

Publisher:

American Geophysical Union

Language:

English

Submitter:

Hélène Christine Louise Barras

Date Deposited:

17 Apr 2018 16:52

Last Modified:

01 Jun 2018 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/2017GL075483

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.109282

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/109282

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