Quantitative Outcomes of a One Health approach to Study Global Health Challenges.

Falzon, Laura Cristina; Lechner, Isabel; Chantziaras, Ilias; Collineau, Lucie; Courcoul, Aurélie; Filippitzi, Maria-Eleni; Laukkanen-Ninios, Riikka; Peroz, Carole; Pinto Ferreira, Jorge; Postma, Merel; Prestmo, Pia G; Phythian, Clare J; Sarno, Eleonora; Vanantwerpen, Gerty; Vergne, Timothée; Grindlay, Douglas J C; Brennan, Marnie L (2018). Quantitative Outcomes of a One Health approach to Study Global Health Challenges. Ecohealth, 15(1), pp. 209-227. Springer 10.1007/s10393-017-1310-5

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Having gained momentum in the last decade, the One Health initiative promotes a holistic approach to address complex global health issues. Before recommending its adoption to stakeholders, however, it is paramount to first compile quantitative evidence of the benefit of such an approach. The aim of this scoping review was to identify and summarize primary research that describes monetary and non-monetary outcomes following adoption of a One Health approach. An extensive literature search yielded a total of 42,167 references, of which 85 were included in the final analysis. The top two biotic health issues addressed in these studies were rabies and malaria; the top abiotic health issue was air pollution. Most studies described collaborations between human and animal (n = 42), or human and environmental disciplines (n = 41); commonly reported interventions included vector control and animal vaccination. Monetary outcomes were commonly expressed as cost-benefit or cost-utility ratios; non-monetary outcomes were described using disease frequency or disease burden measurements. The majority of the studies reported positive or partially positive outcomes. This paper illustrates the variety of health challenges that can be addressed using a One Health approach, and provides tangible quantitative measures that can be used to evaluate future implementations of the One Health approach.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Veterinary Public Health Institute
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Falzon, Laura Cristina and Lechner, Isabel

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

1612-9202

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Susanne Agnes Lerch

Date Deposited:

16 Apr 2018 12:46

Last Modified:

24 Oct 2019 11:24

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s10393-017-1310-5

PubMed ID:

29330676

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Endemic and emerging infectious diseases Non-communicable diseases One Medicine Scoping review Systematic evidence Transdisciplinarity Zoonoses

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.109332

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/109332

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