Reconstruction of AAOS type III and IV acetabular defects with the Ganz reinforcement ring: high failure in pelvic discontinuity.

Hourscht, Cynthia; Abdelnasser, Mohammad K; Ahmad, Sufian S; Kraler, Lukas; Keel, Marius; Siebenrock, Klaus-Arno; Klenke, Frank M. (2017). Reconstruction of AAOS type III and IV acetabular defects with the Ganz reinforcement ring: high failure in pelvic discontinuity. Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery, 137(8), pp. 1139-1148. Springer 10.1007/s00402-017-2731-x

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BACKGROUND Large acetabular defects and pelvic discontinuity represent complex problems in revision total hip arthroplasty. This study aimed to investigate whether reconstruction with the Ganz reinforcement ring would provide durable function in large acetabular defects. PATIENTS AND METHODS 46 hips (45 patients, 19 male, 26 female, mean age 68 years) with AAOS type III and IV defects undergoing acetabular revision with the Ganz reinforcement ring were evaluated at a mean follow-up of 74 months (24-161 months). Fourteen patients died during follow-up. All surviving patients were available for clinical assessment and radiographic studies. Radiographs were evaluated for bone healing and component loosening. A Cox-regression model was performed to identify factors influencing survival of the Ganz-ring. RESULTS In the group of AAOS III defects, 3 of 26 acetabular reconstructions failed, all due to aseptic loosening. In pelvic discontinuity (AAOS IV), 9 of 20 hips failed due to aseptic loosening (n = 4), deep infection (n = 3), and non-union of the pelvic ring (n = 2). With acetabular revision for any reason as an endpoint, the estimated Kaplan-Meier 5-year survival was 86% in type III defects and 57% in type IV defects, respectively. The presence of pelvic discontinuity was identified as the only independent predictive factor for failure of the Ganz ring acetabular reconstruction (AAOS III vs. IV, Hazard ratio: 0.217, 95%, Confidence interval: 0.054-0.880, p = 0.032). CONCLUSION The Ganz reinforcement ring remains a favorable implant for combined segmental and cavitary defects. However, defects with pelvic discontinuity demonstrate high failure rates. The indications should therefore be narrowed to acetabular defects not associated with pelvic discontinuity.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Orthopaedic Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Hourscht, Cynthia; Ahmad, Sufian; Kraler, Lukas; Keel, Marius; Siebenrock, Klaus-Arno and Klenke, Frank M.

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0936-8051

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Lilianna Bolliger

Date Deposited:

25 Jan 2018 17:08

Last Modified:

25 Jan 2018 17:08

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00402-017-2731-x

PubMed ID:

28623470

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Acetabular defect Acetabular reconstruction Bone loss Cage Ganz reinforcement ring Hip revision Pelvic discontinuity Trabecular metal

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.109995

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/109995

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