Midregional proatrial natriuretic peptide improves risk stratification after ischemic stroke: Association with mortality and cardioembolic etiology.

De Marchis, Gian Marco; Schneider, Juliane; Weck, Anja; Fluri, Felix; Fladt, Joachim; Foerch, Christian; Mueller, Beat; Luft, Andreas; Christ-Crain, Mirjam; Arnold, Marcel; Katan, Mira (2018). Midregional proatrial natriuretic peptide improves risk stratification after ischemic stroke: Association with mortality and cardioembolic etiology. Neurology, 90(6), e455-e465. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 10.1212/WNL.0000000000004922

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To validate midregional proatrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) for outcome prediction and diagnosis of cardioembolic stroke etiology compared to established clinical variables.


In this prospective multicenter cohort study, we quantified MR-proANP levels in ischemic stroke patients within 24 hours of onset. Primary outcome measures were 90-day mortality, unfavorable functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale score >2), and cardioembolic stroke etiology diagnosed during hospitalization.


Of 788 included patients, 783 completed their 90-day follow-up, and 118 patients (15%) died. After full adjustment, MR-proANP levels were associated with 90-day mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [aOR] 6.12, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.36-15.84, p = 0.01) and functional outcome (aOR 2.46, 95% CI 1.05-5.74, p = 0.038). For mortality prediction, adding MR-proANP to the regression model increased its discriminatory accuracy, and the net reclassification index (NRI) was 49% (95% CI 26%-78%, p < 0.001). For functional outcome, there was no significant improvement in discrimination or reclassification. Cardioembolic stroke etiology and the diagnosis of atrial fibrillation at hospital discharge were associated with MR-proANP with an aOR of 2.10 (95% CI 1.11-3.97, p = 0.02) and 18.35 (95% CI 7.94-42.45, p < 0.001), respectively. The NRI of MR-proANP for cardioembolic stroke etiology was not significant, as opposed to atrial fibrillation (39%, 95% CI 27%-55%, p < 0.001). MR-proANP levels ≥289 pmol/L had a specificity of 86% and sensitivity of 48% for the diagnosis of atrial fibrillation.


MR-proANP is a newly validated blood biomarker providing additional prognostic information for mortality after stroke. Higher MR-proANP levels were associated with cardioembolic stroke etiology and, even more strongly, atrial fibrillation.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Arnold, Marcel


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Lippincott Williams & Wilkins




Stefanie Hetzenecker

Date Deposited:

10 Apr 2018 10:01

Last Modified:

05 Nov 2019 06:34

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