Luminescence and energy transfer in b-NaGdF4:Eu3+,Er3+ nanocrystalline samples from a room temperature synthesis

Tessitore, Gabriella; Mudring, Anja V.; Krämer, Karl (2018). Luminescence and energy transfer in b-NaGdF4:Eu3+,Er3+ nanocrystalline samples from a room temperature synthesis. New journal of chemistry, 42(1), pp. 237-245. Royal Society of Chemistry 10.1039/c7nj03242k

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Phase pure hexagonal b-NaGdF4:Eu3+,Er3+ samples of less than 10 nm in crystallite size were synthesized in anhydrous ethylene glycol within 24 hours at room temperature. The materials were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy, and luminescence spectroscopy. After Gd3+ excitation at 273 nm Eu3+ luminescence from the 5DJ states dominates over Gd3+ 6PJ emission and only weak Er3+ emissions could be observed due to strong Gd-Eu and weak Gd-Er energy transfer. Excitation at 377 nm results in Er3+ 2H9/2 and Eu3+ 5DJ emissions. The concentration dependence of the Er3+ and Eu3+ luminescence intensities points to independent behavior of the dopant ions without Er-Eu or Eu-Er energy transfer. Eu3+ excitation at 394 nm results in Eu3+ 5DJ emissions only and confirms the absence of Eu-Er energy transfer. Eu3+ luminescence from the 5DJ states prevails for all investigated excitations. The optimum Eu3+ doping level is close to 5%. Significant Er3+ luminescence was observed for 377 nm excitation only. The strong 2H9/2 and weak 4S3/2 Er3+ emissions indicate small losses by multiphonon relaxation and a good quality of the nanomaterial. Er co-doping hinders the energy migration on the Gd3+ and Eu3+ sublattices which results in higher Gd3+/Eu3+ and Eu3+ 5D1/5D0 emission ratios.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Departement of Chemistry and Biochemistry

UniBE Contributor:

Tessitore, Gabriella and Krämer, Karl

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 540 Chemistry

ISSN:

1144-0546

Publisher:

Royal Society of Chemistry

Funders:

[UNSPECIFIED] EU FP-7 ITN Luminet, No. 316906

Language:

English

Submitter:

Karl Krämer

Date Deposited:

11 Apr 2018 10:38

Last Modified:

24 Oct 2019 09:14

Publisher DOI:

10.1039/c7nj03242k

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.110080

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/110080

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