Analysis of lifestyle factors in patients with concomitant chronic pancreatitis and liver cirrhosis.

Aghdassi, Ali A; Schneider, Alexander; Kahl, Matthias; Schütte, Kerstin; Kuliaviene, Irma; Salacone, Paola; Lutz, Jon Andri; Tukiainen, Eija; Simon, Peter; Schauer, Birgit; Uomo, Generoso; Hauge, Truls; Ceyhan, Güralp O (2017). Analysis of lifestyle factors in patients with concomitant chronic pancreatitis and liver cirrhosis. Pancreatology, 17(5), pp. 698-705. Elsevier 10.1016/j.pan.2017.07.194

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BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Chronic pancreatitis (CP) and liver cirrhosis (LC) are common gastroenterological disorders but their co-incidence is considered to be rare. This study was designed to identify lifestyle factors that are associated with the development of concomitant LC in patients with CP. METHODS In a retrospective case-control study between 2000 and 2005 122 patients with both CP and LC and 223 matched control patients with CP and no known liver disease were identified in 11 European university medical centers. Another 24 patients and 48 CP controls were identified in the period between 2006 and 2012. RESULTS Alcoholism was most commonly regarded as aetiology for both CP (82.2%; 95% confidence interval (CI): 75.0-88.0%) and LC (79.5%; 95% CI: 72.0-85.7%) as compared to controls with CP only (68.6%; 95% CI: 62.7-74.1%). The preferred type of alcoholic beverage and pattern of alcohol intake were the only significant lifestyle factors in multivariate analysis. Frequency of alcohol intake (p = 0.105) and smoking status (p = 0.099) were not significant in bivariate analysis and dropped out of the multivariate model. Recurrent and chronic pancreatic pain was observed more often in patients with only CP, whereas gallstones were more common in individuals with both chronic disorders. CONCLUSIONS These findings indicate that certain lifestyle factors might be important for the development of concomitant CP and LC. More studies will be needed to identify additional genetic and environmental factors underlying this association.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Thoracic Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Lutz, Jon Andri

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1424-3903

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Thomas Michael Marti

Date Deposited:

15 Mar 2018 16:21

Last Modified:

15 Mar 2018 16:21

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.pan.2017.07.194

PubMed ID:

28784575

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Chronic pancreatitis Co-incidence Lifestyle factors Liver cirrhosis Pancreatic pain

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/110086

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