Inert Gas Washout in Bronchiolitis Obliterans Following Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation.

Nyilas, Sylvia; Baumeler, Luzia; Tamm, Michael; Halter, Jörg P; Savic, Spasenija; Korten, Insa; Meyer, Anja; Singer, Florian; Passweg, Jakob R; Latzin, Philipp; Stolz, Daiana (2018). Inert Gas Washout in Bronchiolitis Obliterans Following Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation. Chest, 154(1), pp. 157-168. Elsevier 10.1016/j.chest.2017.12.009

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BACKGROUND Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) is a leading cause of chronic graft-vs-host disease (cGvHD) and is associated with mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT). The nitrogen multiple breath washout test (N2-MBW) measures ventilation inhomogeneity, a biomarker of central and peripheral airway obstruction. The aim of this study was to examine ventilation inhomogeneity according to cGvHD score and histologically defined bronchiolitis obliterans (BO). METHODS This single-center prospective cross-sectional study included 225 adults (mean age, 52.8 years; median, 5.4 years (interquartile range, 2.0-11 years) after alloHSCT). Outcomes were global (lung clearance index [LCI]) and acinar ventilation inhomogeneity index (SACIN) from N2-MBW. Patients were categorized into five groups: (1) no cGvHD and no obstruction (cGvHD overall score 0 and FEV1/FVC ≥ 70) (2) cGvHD and no obstruction (cGvHD overall score 1-3 and FEV1/FVC ≥ 70), (3) BOS with or without cGvHD (if available, no BO on histologic examination, and FEV1/FVC < 70), (4) histologically proven BO, and (5) diffuse parenchymal lung disease other than BO. RESULTS The LCI and SACIN differed significantly between groups (P < .001) and increased progressively according to cGvHD score. In BO, the LCI and SACIN were elevated in 95.5% and 81.8% of patients, respectively, whereas FEV1/FVC was abnormal in only 56.5% of patients, respectively. CONCLUSIONS N2-MBW is highly sensitive for detecting abnormal lung function in patients following alloHSCT. LCI and SACIN seem to be promising biomarkers of lung involvement in cGvHD.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine > Paediatric Pneumology

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences (GCB)

UniBE Contributor:

Nyilas, Sylvia Meryl; Korten, Insa Christina Severine; Singer, Florian and Latzin, Philipp

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1931-3543

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Insa Korten

Date Deposited:

03 Oct 2019 13:46

Last Modified:

24 Oct 2019 22:18

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.chest.2017.12.009

PubMed ID:

29275133

Uncontrolled Keywords:

allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation bronchiolitis obliterans inert gas washout

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.110245

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/110245

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