Effects of sustained competitive employment on psychiatric hospitalizations and quality of life

Jäckel, Dorothea; Kupper, Zeno; Glauser, Sibylle; Mueser, Kim T; Hoffmann, Holger (2017). Effects of sustained competitive employment on psychiatric hospitalizations and quality of life. Psychiatric services, 68(6), pp. 603-609. American Psychiatric Association 10.1176/appi.ps.201600083

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There is extensive evidence for the effectiveness of supported employment among people with severe mental illness. However, less research has been conducted to evaluate the effects of sustained competitive employment on nonvocational outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of sustained competitive work on quality of life and psychiatric hospitalizations.


As part of a randomized controlled trial, a mediation analysis was used to compare the direct and indirect effects of supported employment versus a traditional vocational program on sustained competitive employment, days of psychiatric hospitalization, and quality of life among 85 participants over five years.


The five-year follow-up indicated that the effects of supported employment on reduced days of hospitalization and increased quality of life were fully mediated by the program's effects on increasing sustained competitive employment.


The rehabilitative and therapeutic dimensions of functional health conditions are interrelated in the long term. The achievement of sustained competitive employment may be a key factor in improving social and psychiatric outcomes for people with severe and persistent mental disorders.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Translational Research Center

UniBE Contributor:

Jäckel, Dorothea, Kupper, Zeno, Glauser, Sibylle, Hoffmann, Holger


100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




American Psychiatric Association




Zeno Kupper

Date Deposited:

07 Mar 2018 17:27

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:10

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Hospitalization Outcome studies Quality of life Supported employment Vocational rehabilitation



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