Relevance of the Implementation of Teeth in Three-Dimensional Vocal Tract Models.

Traser, Louisa; Birkholz, Peter; Flügge, Tabea Viktoria; Kamberger, Robert; Burdumy, Michael; Richter, Bernhard; Korvink, Jan Gerrit; Echternach, Matthias (2017). Relevance of the Implementation of Teeth in Three-Dimensional Vocal Tract Models. Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR, 60(9), pp. 2379-2393. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association 10.1044/2017_JSLHR-S-16-0395

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Purpose Recently, efforts have been made to investigate the vocal tract using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Due to technical limitations, teeth were omitted in many previous studies on vocal tract acoustics. However, the knowledge of how teeth influence vocal tract acoustics might be important in order to estimate the necessity of implementing teeth in vocal tract models. The aim of this study was therefore to estimate the effect of teeth on vocal tract acoustics. Method The acoustic properties of 18 solid (3-dimensional printed) vocal tract models without teeth were compared to the same 18 models including teeth in terms of resonance frequencies (fRn). The fRn were obtained from the transfer functions of these models excited by white noise at the glottis level. The models were derived from MRI data of 2 trained singers performing 3 different vowel conditions (/i/, /a/, and /u/) in speech and low-pitched and high-pitched singing. Results Depending on the oral configuration, models exhibiting side cavities or side branches were characterized by major changes in the transfer function when teeth were implemented via the introduction of pole-zero pairs. Conclusions To avoid errors in modeling, teeth should be included in 3-dimensional vocal tract models for acoustic evaluation. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.5386771.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders (ENT)

UniBE Contributor:

Traser, Louisa

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1092-4388

Publisher:

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stefan Weder

Date Deposited:

08 Mar 2018 14:18

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 21:28

Publisher DOI:

10.1044/2017_JSLHR-S-16-0395

PubMed ID:

28898358

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.110922

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/110922

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