Retrospective Analysis of Drowning Incidents at a University Hospital in Switzerland

Kolev, Mirjam; Meister, Corinne; Ricklin, Meret; Exadaktylos, Aristomenis (2017). Retrospective Analysis of Drowning Incidents at a University Hospital in Switzerland. Emergency Medicine: Open Access, 07(01) Omics Publishing Group 10.4172/2165-7548.1000345

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Background: The annual rate of accidental fatal drowning in Switzerland is about 50 deaths/year (0.6/100 000). We report on the fatal and non-fatal drowning incidents among adults that were treated at the University Hospital inBern, Switzerland, between 2000 and 2014.
Methods: Retrospective analysis of the electronic database of the emergency centre for adults of the university hospital in Bern. Between 2000 and 2014 all fatal and non-fatal drowning incidents were analysed using specific medical keywords.
Results: 126 patients were included. Ninety-one (72%) were male, 94 (76%) aged between 16-44 years, 107 (89%) of the incidents occurred in rivers. In 83 (68%) cases the activity during the incident was swimming. Twentytwo (18%) were non-accidental drowning incidents, 14 (11%) of all the drowning patients needed reanimation and 6
(4.8%) died within 24 h.
Conclusion: Our analysis shows that it is important to have a closer look at the efforts and effectiveness of prevention done against drowning of young men in high-risk aquatic settings. Further there is a need to report drowning incidents according to international standards in order to draw conclusions for prognostic factors and therapy in the future.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > University Emergency Center

UniBE Contributor:

Kolev, Mirjam, Ricklin, Meret Elisabeth, Exadaktylos, Aristomenis


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Omics Publishing Group




Romana Saredi

Date Deposited:

21 Feb 2018 09:51

Last Modified:

02 Mar 2023 23:30

Publisher DOI:





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