Retrospective Analysis of Drowning Incidents at a University Hospital in Switzerland

Kolev, Mirjam; Meister, Corinne; Ricklin, Meret; Exadaktylos, Aristomenis (2017). Retrospective Analysis of Drowning Incidents at a University Hospital in Switzerland. Emergency Medicine: Open Access, 07(01) Omics Publishing Group 10.4172/2165-7548.1000345

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Background: The annual rate of accidental fatal drowning in Switzerland is about 50 deaths/year (0.6/100 000). We report on the fatal and non-fatal drowning incidents among adults that were treated at the University Hospital inBern, Switzerland, between 2000 and 2014. Methods: Retrospective analysis of the electronic database of the emergency centre for adults of the university hospital in Bern. Between 2000 and 2014 all fatal and non-fatal drowning incidents were analysed using specific medical keywords. Results: 126 patients were included. Ninety-one (72%) were male, 94 (76%) aged between 16-44 years, 107 (89%) of the incidents occurred in rivers. In 83 (68%) cases the activity during the incident was swimming. Twentytwo (18%) were non-accidental drowning incidents, 14 (11%) of all the drowning patients needed reanimation and 6 (4.8%) died within 24 h. Conclusion: Our analysis shows that it is important to have a closer look at the efforts and effectiveness of prevention done against drowning of young men in high-risk aquatic settings. Further there is a need to report drowning incidents according to international standards in order to draw conclusions for prognostic factors and therapy in the future.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > University Emergency Center

UniBE Contributor:

Kolev, Mirjam; Ricklin, Meret and Exadaktylos, Aristomenis

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2165-7548

Publisher:

Omics Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Romana Saredi

Date Deposited:

21 Feb 2018 09:51

Last Modified:

21 Feb 2018 09:57

Publisher DOI:

10.4172/2165-7548.1000345

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.111048

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/111048

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