Effects of NO2 and Nitrate on Sulfate Assimilation in Maize

Kast, Daniel; Stalder, Michael; Rüegsegger, Adrian; Galli, Ueli; Brunold, Christian (1995). Effects of NO2 and Nitrate on Sulfate Assimilation in Maize. Journal of plant physiology, 147(1), 9 - 14. Gustav Fischer Verlag https://doi.org/10.1016/S0176-1617(11)81405-7

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Summary The effect of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and nitrate on sulfate assimilation was studied in maize seedlings. The seedlings (Zea mays L. cv. LG 9) were grown on a N-free nutrient solution for 10 days and subsequently fumigated with 520 nLL-1 NO2 or transferred to a nutrient solution containing 4 mM nitrate. Fresh weight, contents of protein, cysteine, γ-glutamylcysteine and glutathione, and the extractable activity of adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate sulfotransferase, a key enzyme of sulfate assimilation, were measured in the second, third and fourth leaves during the following 7 days. For comparison, the activity of nitrate reductase was measured. The level of extractable proteins was higher in the leaves of fumigated or nitrate treated seedlings than in leaves of controls without NO2 and nitrate. Adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate sulfotransferase and nitrate reductase activities of the second and third leaves increased to a significantly higher level after 1 day of NO2 fumigation or nitrate treatment. Nitrate induced a significantly higher level of glutathione in the leaves, whereas its level at NO2 fumigation was not always significantly higher than that of the controls. Even though the quantitative changes in enzyme activities induced by nitrate were much greater, our results, in principle, show the same qualitative effects of nitrate and NO2, indicating that NO2 was used as a N-source and regulated sulfate assimilation in the same way as nitrate.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Stress Physiology (discontinued)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Brunold, Christian

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0176-1617

Publisher:

Gustav Fischer Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

07 Feb 2018 16:24

Last Modified:

24 Oct 2019 09:28

Publisher DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0176-1617(11)81405-7

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Zea mays; Adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate sulfotransferase; Cysteine; Glutathione; Nitrate reductase

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.111132

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/111132

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