Effect of Chilling on Assimilatory Sulfate Reduction and Glutathione Synthesis in Maize

Brunner, Monika; Kocsy, Gabor; Rüegsegger, Adrian; Schmutz, Daniel; Brunold, Christian (1995). Effect of Chilling on Assimilatory Sulfate Reduction and Glutathione Synthesis in Maize. Journal of plant physiology, 146(5), 743 - 747. Gustav Fischer Verlag https://doi.org/10.1016/S0176-1617(11)81942-5

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Summary The contents of cysteine, gamma-glutamylcysteine and glutathione, as well as the activity of enzymes of assimilatory sulfate reduction and glutathione synthesis in second leaves and root tips of maize seedlings (Zea mays L. cv. LG 11) cultivated at low temperatures, were compared with controls grown at 25 °C. In vitro nitrate reductase (EC 1.6.6.1) activity was measured for comparison. Compared with the controls, adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate sulf otransf erase activity was 3.5- and 5.5-fold higher at 12 °C in second leaves and root tips, respectively. After 3 days of growth, the activity of y,-glutamylcysteine synthetase (EC 6.3.2.2) and glutathione synthetase (EC 6.3.2.3) in the second leaves was also significantly higher at 12 °C compared with 25 °C. Consistent with these enzyme activities, there was an increase in cysteine and glutathione contents both in second leaves and root tips after 3 days of growth at 12 °C. Nitrate reductase activity of second leaves and root tips was not affected by growth at 12 °C, indicating that the increase in adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate sulfotransferase activity and of the enzymes of glutathione synthesis was specific. Our results demonstrate that the increased activity of a key enzyme of assimilatory sulfate reduction and of the enzymes of glutathione synthesis contribute to the increased glutathione levels measured at 12 °C.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Stress Physiology (discontinued)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Brunold, Christian

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0176-1617

Publisher:

Gustav Fischer Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

07 Feb 2018 16:18

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 21:02

Publisher DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0176-1617(11)81942-5

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Zea mays; chilling; glutathione; adenosine 5' phosphosulfate sulfotransferase; gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase; glutathione synthetase; nitrate reductase

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.111135

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/111135

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