Children's and teachers' perspectives on adjustments needed in school settings after acquired brain injury.

Kocher Stalder, Cornelia; Kottorp, Anders; Steinlin, Maja; Hemmingsson, Helena (2018). Children's and teachers' perspectives on adjustments needed in school settings after acquired brain injury. Scandinavian journal of occupational therapy, 25(4), pp. 233-242. Taylor & Francis 10.1080/11038128.2017.1325932

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BACKGROUND Children with acquired brain injury (ABI) often present with functional deficits that influence their societal participation and well-being. Successful reintegration into school calls for individual support to meet each child's adjustment needs. The adjustment needs of children with ABI in school settings have not previously been explored. AIM The objectives of the present study were (a) to describe adjustment needs in school settings for children with ABI and (b) to explore differences and similarities between reports from the children and their teachers. METHODS In this cross-sectional study, 20 children with ABI (mean age 12.8 ± 3.4 years; class grade 1-10) and their teachers were interviewed individually, using the School Setting Interview (SSI). Data were analyzed with descriptive and with non-parametric statistics. RESULTS (a) In the overall group, children rated that 55.6% of the 16 activities in the SSI needed no adjustment. The corresponding percentage for teachers was 48.4%. (b) In the child-teacher pairs, there was a positive relationship between teachers' and children's responses only in 3 out of 16 school activities and agreement varied strongly according to the activity in question. CONCLUSIONS AND SIGNIFICANCE It is important for occupational therapists and other professionals to specifically consider adjustment needs relating to school activities from various perspectives when aiming to provide individualized interventions.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Steinlin, Maja

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1103-8128

Publisher:

Taylor & Francis

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sinthuja Rajkumar

Date Deposited:

22 Mar 2018 12:01

Last Modified:

04 Jul 2018 01:31

Publisher DOI:

10.1080/11038128.2017.1325932

PubMed ID:

28494632

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Adjustments School-Setting Interview school participation self-report student-environment fit

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/111144

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