Immune-checkpoint inhibitors associated with interstitial lung disease in cancer patients.

Delaunay, Myriam; Cadranel, Jacques; Lusque, Amélie; Meyer, Nicolas; Gounant, Valérie; Moro-Sibilot, Denis; Michot, Jean-Marie; Raimbourg, Judith; Girard, Nicolas; Guisier, Florian; Planchard, David; Metivier, Anne-Cécile; Tomasini, Pascale; Dansin, Eric; Pérol, Maurice; Campana, Marion; Gautschi, Oliver; Früh, Martin; Fumet, Jean-David; Audigier-Valette, Clarisse; ... (2017). Immune-checkpoint inhibitors associated with interstitial lung disease in cancer patients. European respiratory journal, 50(2) European Respiratory Society 10.1183/13993003.00050-2017

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Immunotherapy is becoming a standard of care for many cancers. Immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) can generate immune-related adverse events. Interstitial lung disease (ILD) has been identified as a rare but potentially severe event.Between December 2015 and April 2016, we conducted a retrospective study in centres experienced in ICI use. We report the main features of ICI-ILD with a focus on clinical presentation, radiological patterns and therapeutic strategies.We identified 64 (3.5%) out of 1826 cancer patients with ICI-ILD. Patients mainly received programmed cell death-1 inhibitors. ILD usually occurred in males, and former or current smokers, with a median age of 59 years. We observed 65.6% grade 2/3 severity, 9.4% grade 4 severity and 9.4% fatal ILD. The median (range) time from initiation of immunotherapy to ILD was 2.3 (0.2-27.4) months. Onset tended to occur earlier in lung cancer versus melanoma: median 2.1 and 5.2 months, respectively (p=0.02). Ground-glass opacities (81.3%) were the predominant lesions, followed by consolidations (53.1%). Organising pneumonia (23.4%) and hypersensitivity pneumonitis (15.6%) were the most common patterns. Overall survival at 6 months was 58.1% (95% CI 37.7-73.8%).ICI-ILD often occurs early and displays suggestive radiological features. As there is no clearly identified risk factor, oncologists need to diagnose and adequately treat this adverse event.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Med. Onkologie / Hämatologie (Erw.)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Med. Onkologie / Hämatologie (Erw.)

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Medical Oncology

UniBE Contributor:

Gautschi, Oliver and Früh, Martin

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0903-1936

Publisher:

European Respiratory Society

Language:

English

Submitter:

Nicole Corminboeuf

Date Deposited:

07 Mar 2018 17:01

Last Modified:

07 Mar 2018 17:01

Publisher DOI:

10.1183/13993003.00050-2017

PubMed ID:

28798088

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.111340

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/111340

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