Insights into organic-aerosol sources via a novel laser-desorption/ionization mass spectrometry technique applied to one year of PM10 samples from nine sites in central Europe

Daellenbach, Kaspar R.; El-Haddad, Imad; Karvonen, Lassi; Vlachou, Athanasia; Corbin, Joel C.; Slowik, Jay G.; Heringa, Maarten F.; Bruns, Emily A.; Luedin, Samuel M.; Jaffrezo, Jean-Luc; Szidat, Sönke; Piazzalunga, Andrea; Gonzalez, Raquel; Fermo, Paola; Pflueger, Valentin; Vogel, Guido; Baltensperger, Urs; Prévôt, André S. H. (2018). Insights into organic-aerosol sources via a novel laser-desorption/ionization mass spectrometry technique applied to one year of PM10 samples from nine sites in central Europe. Atmospheric chemistry and physics, 18(3), pp. 2155-2174. European Geosciences Union 10.5194/acp-18-2155-2018

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We assess the benefits of offline laserdesorption/ionization mass spectrometry in understanding ambient particulate matter (PM) sources. The technique was optimized for measuring PM collected on quartz-fiber filters using silver nitrate as an internal standard for m=z calibration. This is the first application of this technique to samples collected at nine sites in central Europe throughout the entire year of 2013 (819 samples). Different PM sources were identified by positive matrix factorization (PMF) including also concomitant measurements (such as NOx , levoglucosan, and temperature). By comparison to reference mass spectral signatures from laboratory wood burning experiments as well as samples from a traffic tunnel, three biomass burning factors and two traffic factors were identified. The wood burning factors could be linked to the burning conditions; the factors related to inefficient burns had a larger impact on air quality in southern Alpine valleys than in northern Switzerland. The traffic factors were identified as primary tailpipe exhaust and most possibly aged/secondary traffic emissions. The latter attribution was supported by radiocarbon analyses of both the organic and elemental carbon. Besides these sources, factors related to secondary organic aerosol were also separated. The contribution of the wood burning emissions based on LDI-PMF (laser-desorption/ionization PMF) correlates well with that based on AMS-PMF (aerosol mass spectrometer PMF) analyses, while the comparison between the two techniques for other components is more complex.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Departement of Chemistry and Biochemistry

UniBE Contributor:

Szidat, Sönke

Subjects:

500 Science > 540 Chemistry

ISSN:

1680-7316

Publisher:

European Geosciences Union

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sönke Szidat

Date Deposited:

30 Apr 2018 08:55

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 17:36

Publisher DOI:

10.5194/acp-18-2155-2018

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.111692

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/111692

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