Blistering eruptions in childhood Henoch-Schönlein syndrome: systematic review of the literature.

Ramelli, Vera; Lava, Sebastiano; Simonetti, Giacomo; Bianchetti, Mario Giovanni; Ramelli, Gian Paolo; Milani, Gregorio P (2017). Blistering eruptions in childhood Henoch-Schönlein syndrome: systematic review of the literature. European journal of pediatrics, 176(4), pp. 487-492. Springer 10.1007/s00431-017-2858-3

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The occurrence of blistering eruptions in childhood Henoch-Schönlein syndrome has been so far addressed exclusively in individual case reports. To describe epidemiology, clinical presentation, and therapeutic options in Henoch-Schönlein patients ≤18 years of age with blistering eruptions, we completed a systematic literature search. For the final analysis, we retained 39 reports. Ten children with blisters were found in 7 (1.5%) case series containing a total of 666 unselected pediatric Henoch-Schönlein cases. We also found 41 individually documented cases of Henoch-Schönlein syndrome with blistering eruptions. Blistering eruptions and purpura were distributed very similarly, blisters developed concomitantly with palpable purpura or with a latency of ≤14 days, and 80% of the cases remitted within 4 weeks with a similar course in children managed expectantly and in those managed with steroids. CONCLUSION Blistering eruptions are rare in Henoch-Schönlein syndrome. They can be a source of diagnostic dilemma but do not have any prognostic value since they almost always spontaneously subside within 4 weeks. What is known: • Textbooks and reviews marginally refer to the occurrence of blistering eruptions in children with Henoch-Schönlein syndrome. What is new • Blistering eruptions occur in <2% of cases. • Blisters and purpura are distributed similarly, blisters develop concomitantly with purpura or with a latency of ≤14 days. • Almost all cases remit within 4 weeks with a similar course in children managed expectantly and in those managed with systemic steroids.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Lava, Sebastiano; Simonetti, Giacomo and Bianchetti, Mario Giovanni

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0340-6199

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Dr. Sebastiano A.G. Lava

Date Deposited:

28 Mar 2018 12:22

Last Modified:

26 Oct 2019 00:39

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00431-017-2858-3

PubMed ID:

28161822

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Blister Colchicine Glucocorticoids Purpura Schönlein-Henoch Vasculitis

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.111743

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/111743

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