Dynamics of non-spherical dust in the coma of 67P/Churyumov– Gerasimenko constrained by GIADA and ROSINA data

Ivanovski, Stavro L; Della Corte, V; Rotundi, A; Fulle, M; Fougere, N; Bieler, A; Rubin, Martin; Ivanovska, S; Liuzzi, V (2017). Dynamics of non-spherical dust in the coma of 67P/Churyumov– Gerasimenko constrained by GIADA and ROSINA data. Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 469(Suppl_2), S774-S786. Oxford University Press 10.1093/mnras/stx3008

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Among the comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko (67P/C-G) in situ measurements, the closest that have ever been performed at a comet nucleus, are also those of speed, mass, and crosssection of cometary grains performed by the Grain Impact Analyser and Dust Accumulator (GIADA) instrument. To interpret GIADA data, we performed dust dynamical numerical simulations with both spherical and non-spherical (spheroids) shapes. This allowed us to analyse howthe grain non-sphericity affects the data interpretation.We find that some measured dust speeds are unlikely reproducible when a spherical shape is considered.We considered two GIADA observational periods, 2015 February 19–27 and 2015 March 13–28. Gas parameters calibrated with the Rosetta Orbiter Spectrometer for Ion and Neutral Analysis (ROSINA) measurements have been used to retrieve the gas conditions to set up the dust particle motion. The dust grains are assumed to be out of the near nucleus coma, i.e. where the gas velocity is radial and constant, therefore they are either aligned or have random but constant orientation with respect to the gas drag. We reproduced the GIADA dust speeds, using spheres and two different spheroidal shapes. We find that the particle shapes that reproduce best the GIADA dust speeds are consistent with the particle shape constrained by the GIADA data. We obtain different terminal velocities for spherical and non-spherical particles of the same mass. The shape, which reproduces the GIADA data, is oblate rather than prolate spheroid. We obtain rotational frequencies of the spheroidal particles that best fit the GIADA measurements in these periods.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Space Research and Planetary Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute

UniBE Contributor:

Rubin, Martin

Subjects:

500 Science > 520 Astronomy
600 Technology > 620 Engineering
500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

0035-8711

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Dora Ursula Zimmerer

Date Deposited:

18 Apr 2018 12:24

Last Modified:

18 Apr 2018 12:24

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/mnras/stx3008

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.111858

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/111858

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