Amnesic patients have residual prospective memory capacities

Meier, Beat; Fanger, Severin; Toller, Giannina; Matter, Sibylle; Müri, René Martin; Gutbrod, Klemens (2019). Amnesic patients have residual prospective memory capacities. Clinical neuropsychologist, 33(3), pp. 606-621. Taylor & Francis 10.1080/13854046.2018.1438516

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OBJECTIVE: To investigate, in two separate studies, whether amnesic patients with a severe memory impairment can learn to perform a habitual prospective memory task when they receive immediate feedback on prospective memory failures (Study 1) and whether amnesic patients are able to benefit from previous habitual prospective memory performance after a 24-h retention interval. METHOD: A prospective memory task was embedded in a lexical decision task (Study 1) and in a perceptual discrimination task (Study 2). Performance was compared across test halves. Participants received immediate performance feedback on prospective memory failures that served as a reminder for the prospective memory task. A retest was performed after 24 h in Study 2, but without immediate feedback in the first test half. RESULTS: In Study 1, amnesic patients performed at a lower level than the control group, but they improved significantly across the experiment. In Study 2, the results of the first session replicated this pattern. The results of the second session showed a performance breakdown in amnesic patients. However, one single reminder was enough to boost performance again on the level of the second part of day one. CONCLUSIONS: This indicates that amnesic patients have residual prospective memory capacities and that providing immediate feedback is a promising strategy to draw on these capacities.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Psychological and Behavioral Health
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Pavillon 52 > Forschungsgruppe Perzeption und Okulomotorik
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Social Psychology and Social Neuroscience

UniBE Contributor:

Meier, Beat; Fanger, Severin; Matter, Sibylle; Müri, René Martin and Gutbrod, Klemens

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology

ISSN:

1385-4046

Publisher:

Taylor & Francis

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stefanie Hetzenecker

Date Deposited:

18 Apr 2018 09:30

Last Modified:

24 Apr 2019 01:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1080/13854046.2018.1438516

PubMed ID:

29436258

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Intention memory feedback learning habitual memory

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/111919

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