Management and prevention of refeeding syndrome in medical inpatients: An evidence-based and consensus-supported algorithm.

Friedli, Natalie; Stanga, Zeno; Culkin, Alison; Crook, Martin; Laviano, Alessandro; Sobotka, Lubos; Kressig, Reto W; Kondrup, Jens; Mueller, Beat; Schuetz, Philipp (2018). Management and prevention of refeeding syndrome in medical inpatients: An evidence-based and consensus-supported algorithm. Nutrition, 47, pp. 13-20. Elsevier 10.1016/j.nut.2017.09.007

[img] Text
1-s2.0-S0899900717302071-main.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (1MB) | Request a copy

OBJECTIVES

Refeeding syndrome (RFS) can be a life-threatening metabolic condition after nutritional replenishment if not recognized early and treated adequately. There is a lack of evidence-based treatment and monitoring algorithm for daily clinical practice. The aim of the study was to propose an expert consensus guideline for RFS for the medical inpatient (not including anorexic patients) regarding risk factors, diagnostic criteria, and preventive and therapeutic measures based on a previous systematic literature search.

METHODS

Based on a recent qualitative systematic review on the topic, we developed clinically relevant recommendations as well as a treatment and monitoring algorithm for the clinical management of inpatients regarding RFS. With international experts, these recommendations were discussed and agreement with the recommendation was rated.

RESULTS

Upon hospital admission, we recommend the use of specific screening criteria (i.e., low body mass index, large unintentional weight loss, little or no nutritional intake, history of alcohol or drug abuse) for risk assessment regarding the occurrence of RFS. According to the patient's individual risk for RFS, a careful start of nutritional therapy with a stepwise increase in energy and fluids goals and supplementation of electrolyte and vitamins, as well as close clinical monitoring, is recommended. We also propose criteria for the diagnosis of imminent and manifest RFS with practical treatment recommendations with adoption of the nutritional therapy.

CONCLUSION

Based on the available evidence, we developed a practical algorithm for risk assessment, treatment, and monitoring of RFS in medical inpatients. In daily routine clinical care, this may help to optimize and standardize the management of this vulnerable patient population. We encourage future quality studies to further refine these recommendations.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Clinical Nutrition

UniBE Contributor:

Stanga-Nodari, Zeno

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0899-9007

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andreas Melmer

Date Deposited:

23 Feb 2018 13:13

Last Modified:

25 Sep 2020 14:14

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.nut.2017.09.007

PubMed ID:

29429529

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Hypophosphatemia Nutritional therapy Refeeding syndrome Treatment recommendation

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.112021

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/112021

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback