The influence of toothbrushing and coffee staining on different composite surface coatings

Zimmerli, Brigitte; Koch, Tamara; Flury, Simon; Lussi, Adrian (2012). The influence of toothbrushing and coffee staining on different composite surface coatings. Clinical oral investigations, 16(2), pp. 469-79. Berlin: Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00784-011-0522-2

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The aim of our study is to evaluate the performance of surface sealants and conventional polishing after ageing procedures. Eighty circular composite restorations were performed on extracted human molars. After standardised roughening, the restorations were either sealed with one of three surface sealants (Lasting Touch (LT), BisCover LV (BC), G-Coat Plus (GP) or a dentin adhesive Heliobond (HB)) or were manually polished with silicon polishers (MP) (n = 16). The average roughness (Ra) and colourimetric parameters (CP) (L*a*b*) were evaluated. The specimens underwent an artificial ageing process by thermocycling, staining (coffee) and abrasive (toothbrushing) procedures. After each ageing step, Ra and CP measurements were repeated. A qualitative surface analysis was performed with SEM. The differences between the test groups regarding Ra and CP values were analysed with nonparametric ANOVA analysis (α = 0.05). The lowest Ra values were achieved with HB. BC and GP resulted in Ra values below 0.2 μm (clinically relevant threshold), whereas LT and MP sometimes led to higher Ra values. LT showed a significantly higher discolouration after the first coffee staining, but this was normalised to the other groups after toothbrushing. The differences between the measurements and test groups for Ra and CP were statistically significant. However, the final colour difference showed no statistical difference among the five groups. SEM evaluation showed clear alterations after ageing in all coating groups. Surface sealants and dentin adhesives have the potential to reduce surface roughness but tend to debond over time. Surface sealants can only be recommended for polishing provisional restorations.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry

UniBE Contributor:

Zimmerli, Brigitte; Koch, Tamara; Flury, Simon and Lussi, Adrian

ISSN:

1432-6981

Publisher:

Springer-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:30

Last Modified:

26 Jun 2018 13:24

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00784-011-0522-2

PubMed ID:

21331636

Web of Science ID:

000301786700016

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.11211

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/11211 (FactScience: 217201)

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