Bernese motive and goal inventory in exercise and sport: Validation of an updated version of the questionnaire

Schmid, Julia; Gut, Vanessa; Conzelmann, Achim; Sudeck, Gorden (2018). Bernese motive and goal inventory in exercise and sport: Validation of an updated version of the questionnaire. PLoS ONE, 13(2), e0193214. Public Library of Science 10.1371/journal.pone.0193214

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Target group-specific intervention strategies are often called for in order to effectively pro-mote exercise and sport. Currently, motives and goals are rarely included systematically in the design of interventions, despite the key role they play in well-being and adherence to exercise. The Bernese motive and goal inventory (BMZI) allows an individual diagnosis of motives and goals in exercise and sport in people in middle adulthood. The purpose of the present study was to elaborate on the original BMZI and to modify the questionnaire in order to improve its psychometric properties. The study is based on data from two samples (sam-ple A: 448 employees of companies and authorities; sample B: 853 patients of a medical rehabilitation programme). We applied confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory struc-tural equation modelling. Overall, both the original and the updated BMZI had an acceptable to good validity and a good reliability. However, the revised questionnaire had slightly bet-ter reliability. The updated BMZI consists of 23 items and covers the following motives and goals: Body/Appearance, Contact, Competition/Performance, Aesthetics, Distrac-tion/Catharsis, Fitness and Health. It is recommended as an economical inventory for the individual diagnosis of important psychological conditions for exercise and sport.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science I

UniBE Contributor:

Schmid, Julia; Gut, Vanessa and Conzelmann, Achim

Subjects:

700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

ISSN:

1932-6203

Publisher:

Public Library of Science

Funders:

Organisations 422 not found.

Language:

English

Submitter:

Julia Schmid

Date Deposited:

13 Mar 2018 12:00

Last Modified:

25 Mar 2018 03:21

Publisher DOI:

10.1371/journal.pone.0193214

PubMed ID:

29470555

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.112219

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/112219

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