The effect of local and systemic statin use as an adjunct to non-surgical and surgical periodontal therapy-A systematic review and meta-analysis

Bertl, K; Parllaku, A; Pandis, Nikolaos; Buhlin, K; Klinge, B; Stavropoulos, A (2017). The effect of local and systemic statin use as an adjunct to non-surgical and surgical periodontal therapy-A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of dentistry, 67, pp. 18-28. Elsevier Science 10.1016/j.jdent.2017.08.011

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OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of local and/or systemic statin use as an adjunct to non-surgical and/or surgical periodontal therapy. DATA: Literature search according to PRISMA guidelines with the following eligibility criteria: (a) English or German language; (b) interventional studies; (c) statins as monotherapy or as an adjunct to non-surgical and/or surgical treatment of periodontitis; (d) clinical and/or radiographic treatment effect size of statin intake reported. SOURCES: Medline (PubMed), Embase (Ovid), CENTRAL (Ovid). STUDY SELECTION: Thirteen clinical studies regarding local application and 2 with systemic administration of statins as an adjunct to non-surgical treatment (SRP) and 4 studies regarding intrasurgical statin application with a maximum follow-up of 9 months could be included; simvastatin, atorvastatin, and rosuvastatin were used. Local but not systemic statin application as an adjunct to SRP yielded significantly larger probing pocket depth (PD), radiographic defect depth (RDD), and bleeding index reduction, and larger clinical attachment level gain, and less residual PD and RDD (p≤0.016); rosuvastatin appeared as the most efficacious. Three of 4 studies reported a significant positive effect of intrasurgical statin application. No adverse events were reported after statin use. The vast majority of the included studies were from the same research group. CONCLUSIONS: Significant additional clinical and radiographic improvements are obtained after local, but not systemic, statin use as an adjunct to SRP in deep pockets associated with intrabony defects and seemingly with furcation defects; intrasurgical statin application seems similarly beneficial. Confirmation of these results, and especially of the effect size, from other research groups is warranted.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Orthodontics

UniBE Contributor:

Pandis, Nikolaos

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0300-5712

Publisher:

Elsevier Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Renate Imhof-Etter

Date Deposited:

28 Mar 2018 13:59

Last Modified:

29 Mar 2018 06:36

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jdent.2017.08.011

PubMed ID:

28855141

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.112316

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/112316

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