Structure of an active volcano associated with a resurgent block inferred from thermal mapping: The Yasur- Yenkahe volcanic complex (Vanuatu)

Peltier, Aline; Finizola, Anthony; Douillet, Guilhem Amin; Brothelande, Elodie; Garaebiti, Esline (2012). Structure of an active volcano associated with a resurgent block inferred from thermal mapping: The Yasur- Yenkahe volcanic complex (Vanuatu). Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 243-244, pp. 59-68. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2012.06.022

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Subsurface thermal measurements provide a valuable tool to map hydrothermal-fluid release zones in active volcanic areas. On the Yasur–Yenkahe volcanic complex (Tanna Island, Vanuatu archipelago), fumaroles and hot springs abound, signs of upraising heat fluxes associated to a well-developed hydrothermal activity. Combination of high resolution mapping of ground thermal anomalies with geomorphological analysis allows the characterization of the structural relationships between the active Yasur volcano and the Yenkahe resurgent block. A complex system of heat release and hydrothermal fluid circulation below the Yasur–Yenkahe complex is evidenced. Circulation, though propagating vertically as a whole, is funneled by stratification. Thus, the main thermal fluid released is almost exclusively concentrated along structural limits that break the seals induced by the stratified nature of the ground. Three types of medium/high temperature anomalies have been evidenced: (1) broad hydrothermalized areas linked with planar stratification that favor lateral spreading, (2) linear segments that represent active faults, and (3) arcuate segments related to paleo-crater rims. The limit between the Yasur volcano and the Yenkahe resurgent block is characterized by an active fault system accommodating both the rapid uplift of the Yenkahe block and the overloading induced by the volcano weight. In such a setting, faults converge below the cone of Yasur, which acts as a focus for the faults. Evidence of such structures, sometimes hidden in the landscape but detected by thermal measurements, is critical for risk assessment of flank landslides.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Douillet, Guilhem Amin

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

0377-0273

Publisher:

Elsevier

Funders:

[141] INSU-2011-CT3-RISK project
[138] Elitenetzwerk Bayern (Stiftung Thesis)

Language:

English

Submitter:

Guilhem Amin Douillet

Date Deposited:

23 May 2018 16:55

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 19:14

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2012.06.022

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.112363

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/112363

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