High signal-to-noise spectral characterization of the planetary-mass object HD 106906 b *, **

Daemgen, Sebastian; Todorov, Kamen; Quanz, Sascha P.; Meyer, Michael R.; Mordasini, Christoph; Marleau, Gabriel-Dominique; Fortney, Jonathan J. (2017). High signal-to-noise spectral characterization of the planetary-mass object HD 106906 b *, **. Astronomy and astrophysics, 608(A71), A71. EDP Sciences 10.1051/0004-6361/201731527

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Context. Directly imaged planets are ideal candidates for spectroscopic characterization of their atmospheres. The angular separations that are typically close to their host stars, however, reduce the achievable contrast and thus signal-to-noise ratios (S/N). Aims. We spectroscopically characterize the atmosphere of HD 106906 b, which is a young low-mass companion near the deuterium burning limit. The wide separation from its host star of 7.1′′ makes it an ideal candidate for high S/N and high-resolution spectroscopy. We aim to derive new constraints on the spectral type, effective temperature, and luminosity of HD 106906 b and also to provide a high S/N template spectrum for future characterization of extrasolar planets. Methods. We obtained 1.1–2.5μm integral field spectroscopy with the VLT/SINFONI instrument with a spectral resolution of R≈2000–4000. New estimates of the parameters of HD 106906 b are derived by analyzing spectral features, comparing the extracted spectra to spectral catalogs of other low-mass objects, and fitting with theoretical isochrones. Results. We identify several spectral absorption lines that are consistent with a low mass for HD 106906 b. We derive a new spectral type of L1.5±1.0, which is one subclass earlier than previous estimates. Through comparison with other young low-mass objects, this translates to a luminosity of log(L/L⊙)=−3.65±0.08 and an effective temperature of Teff= 1820±240 K. Our new mass estimates range between M=11.9+1.7−0.8MJup (hot start) and M=14.0+0.2−0.5 MJup (cold start). These limits take into account a possibly finite formation time, i.e., HD 106906 b is allowed to be 0–3 Myr younger than its host star. We exclude accretion onto HD 106906 b at rates M>4.8×10⁻¹⁰ MJup yr⁻¹ based on the fact that we observe no hydrogen (Paschen-β, Brackett-γ) emission. This is indicative of little or no circumplanetary gas. With our new observations , HD 106906 b is the planetary-mass object with one of the highest S/N spectra yet. We make the spectrum available for future comparison with data from existing and next-generation (e.g., ELT and JWST) spectrographs.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Space Research and Planetary Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > NCCR PlanetS

UniBE Contributor:

Mordasini, Christoph and Marleau, Gabriel-Dominique


500 Science > 520 Astronomy
600 Technology > 620 Engineering
500 Science




EDP Sciences




Janine Jungo

Date Deposited:

18 Apr 2018 14:04

Last Modified:

01 Jan 2019 02:30

Publisher DOI:






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