Treatment of soft tissue recessions at titanium implants using a resorbable collagen matrix: a pilot study

Schwarz, Frank; Mihatovic, Ilja; Shirakata, Yoshinori; Becker, Jürgen; Bosshardt, Dieter; Sculean, Anton (2014). Treatment of soft tissue recessions at titanium implants using a resorbable collagen matrix: a pilot study. Clinical oral implants research, 25(1), pp. 110-115. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/clr.12042

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OBJECTIVES: To histologically assess the effectiveness of a porcine-derived collagen matrix (CM) and a subepithelial connective tissue graft (CTG) for the coverage of single mucosal recessions at osseointegrated dental implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chronic-type mucosal Miller Class I-like recessions (mean clinical defect height: 0.67 ± 0.33-1.16 ± 0.19 mm) were established at the buccal aspect of titanium implants with platform switch in six beagle dogs. The defects were randomly allocated to either (1) coronally advanced flap surgery (CAF) + CM, (2) CAF + CTG or (3) CAF alone. At 12 weeks, histomorphometrical measurements were made (e.g.) between the implant shoulder (IS) and the mucosal margin (PM) and IS and the outer contour of the adjacent soft tissue (mucosal thickness [MT]). RESULTS: All treatment procedures investigated were associated with an almost complete soft tissue coverage of the defect area (i.e. coronal positioning of PM relative to IS). Mean IS-PM and MT values tended to be increased in both CAF + CM (1.04 ± 0.74 mm/0.71 ± 0.55 mm) and CAF + CTG (0.88 ± 1.23 mm/0.62 ± 0.66 mm) groups when compared with CAF (0.16 ± 0.28 mm/0.34 ± 0.23 mm) alone. These differences, however, did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Within the limits of this pilot study, it was concluded that all treatment procedures investigated were effective in covering soft tissue recessions at titanium implants.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Periodontics Research

UniBE Contributor:

Shirakata, Yoshinori, Bosshardt, Dieter, Sculean, Anton


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:30

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:09

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

animal study, collagen matrix, histomorphometry,soft tissue recession



URI: (FactScience: 217330)

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