Reconstruction of multiple P-T-t stages from retrogressed mafic rocks: subduction versus collision in the Southern Brasília Orogen (SE Brazil)

Tedeschi, Mahyra; Lanari, Pierre; Rubatto, Daniela; Pedrosa Soares, Antonio; Hermann, Jörg; Dussin, Ivo; Pinheiro, Marco Aurélio P.; Bouvier, Anne-Sophie; Baumgartner, Lukas (2017). Reconstruction of multiple P-T-t stages from retrogressed mafic rocks: subduction versus collision in the Southern Brasília Orogen (SE Brazil). Lithos, 294-295, pp. 283-303. Elsevier 10.1016/j.lithos.2017.09.025

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The identification of markers of subduction zones in orogenic belts requires the estimation of paleo-geothermal gradients through pressure-temperature-time (P-T-t) estimates in mafic rocks that potentially derive from former oceanic units once. However, such markers are rare in supracrustal sequences specially in deeply eroded and weathered Precambrian orogens, and reconstructing their metamorphic history is challenging because they are commonly retrogressed and only preserve a few mineral relicts of high-pressure metamorphism. Metamorphosed mafic rocks from Pouso Alegre region of the Neoproterozoic Southern Brasília Orogen outcrop as rare lenses within continental gneisses. They have previously been classified as retrograde eclogites, based on the presence of garnet and the characteristic symplectitic texture replacing omphacite. These rocks were interpreted to mark the suture zone between the Paranapanema and São Francisco cratons. To test the possible record of eclogitic conditions in the Pouso Alegre mafic rocks, samples including the surrounding felsic rocks have been investigated using quantitative compositional mapping, forward thermodynamic modeling and in-situ dating of accessory minerals to refine their P-T-t history. In the metamorphosed mafic rocks, the peak pressure assemblage of garnet and omphacite (Jd20, reconstructed composition) formed at 690 ± 35 °C and 13.5 ± 3.0 kbar, whereas local retrogression into symplectite or corona occurred at 595 ± 25 °C and 4.8 ± 1.5 kbar. The two reactions were coupled and thus took place at the same time. A zircon U-Pb age of 603 ± 7 Ma was obtained for metamorphic rims and linked to the retrogression stage. Monazite and metamorphic zircon U-Th-Pb ages for the surrounding rocks are at ca. 630 Ma and linked to peak pressure conditions similar to the one recorded by the mafic rocks. The low maximal pressure of 14 kbar and the high geothermal gradient do not necessarily support subduction process-related metamorphism but, more likely, metamorphism related to continental collision.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Tedeschi, Mahyra; Lanari, Pierre; Rubatto, Daniela and Hermann, Jörg

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

0024-4937

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Daniela Rubatto

Date Deposited:

19 Apr 2018 15:48

Last Modified:

19 Apr 2018 15:48

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.lithos.2017.09.025

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.112636

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/112636

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