Oscillations in atmospheric water above Switzerland

Hocke, Klemens; Navas-Guzmán, Francisco; Moreira, Lorena; Bernet, Leonie Anna Luisa; Mätzler, Christian (2017). Oscillations in atmospheric water above Switzerland. Atmospheric chemistry and physics, 17(19), pp. 12121-12131. European Geosciences Union 10.5194/acp-17-12121-2017

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Cloud fraction (CF), integrated liquid water (ILW) and integrated water vapour (IWV) were continuously measured from 2004 to 2016 by the TROpospheric WAter RAdiometer (TROWARA) in Bern, Switzerland. There are indications for interannual variations of CF and ILW. A spectral analysis shows that IWV is dominated by an annual oscillation, leading to an IWV maximum of 24 kg m⁻² in July to August and a minimum of 8 kg m⁻² in February. The seasonal behaviour of CF and ILW is composed by both the annual and the semiannual oscillation. However, the annual oscillation of CF has a maximum in December while the annual oscillation of ILW has a maximum in July. The semiannual oscillations of CF and ILW are strong from 2010 to 2014. The normalized power spectra of ILW and CF show statistically significant spectral components with periods of 76, 85, 97 and 150 days. We find a similarity between the power spectra of ILW and CF with those of zonal wind at 830 hPa (1.5 km) above Bern. Particularly, the occurrence of higher harmonics in the CF and ILW spectra is possibly forced by the behaviour of the lower-tropospheric wind. The mean amplitude spectra of CF, ILW and IWV show increased short-term variability on timescales less than 40 days from spring to fall. We find a weekly cycle of CF and ILW from June to September with increased values on Saturday, Sunday and Monday.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Applied Physics
10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Other Institutions > Emeriti, Faculty of Science

Graduate School:

Graduate School of Climate Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Hocke, Klemens, Bernet, Leonie Anna Luisa, Mätzler, Christian


600 Technology > 620 Engineering




European Geosciences Union




Monika Wälti-Stampfli

Date Deposited:

26 Mar 2018 09:39

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:11

Publisher DOI:






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