A comparative study of pattern recognition algorithms for predicting the inpatient mortality risk using routine laboratory measurements

Schütz, Narayan; Leichtle, Alexander Benedikt; Riesen, Kaspar (2019). A comparative study of pattern recognition algorithms for predicting the inpatient mortality risk using routine laboratory measurements. Artificial intelligence review, 52(4), pp. 2559-2573. Springer 10.1007/s10462-018-9625-3

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Laboratory tests are a common and relatively cheap way to assess the general health status of patients. Various publications showed the potential of laboratory measurements for predicting inpatient mortality using statistical methodologies. However, these efforts are basically limited to the use of logistic regression models. In the present paper we use anonymized data from about 40,000 inpatient admissions to the Inselspital in Bern (Switzerland) to evaluate the potential of powerful pattern recognition algorithms employed for this particular risk prediction. In addition to the age and sex of the inpatients, a set of 33 laboratory measurements, frequently available at the Inselspital, are used as basic variables. In a large empirical evaluation we demonstrate that recent pattern recognition algorithms (such as random forests, gradient boosted trees or neural networks) outperform the more traditional approaches based on logistic regression. Moreover, we show how the predictions of the pattern recognition algorithms, which cannot be directly interpreted in general, can be calibrated to output a meaningful probabilistic risk score.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Institute of Clinical Chemistry
10 Strategic Research Centers > ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research
10 Strategic Research Centers > ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research > ARTORG Center - Gerontechnology and Rehabilitation

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences (GCB)

UniBE Contributor:

Schütz, Narayan and Leichtle, Alexander Benedikt

Subjects:

000 Computer science, knowledge & systems
500 Science > 510 Mathematics
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0269-2821

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Angela Amira Botros

Date Deposited:

19 Apr 2018 16:44

Last Modified:

25 Oct 2019 21:31

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s10462-018-9625-3

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.112704

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/112704

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