The choice of anesthesia influences oxidative energy metabolism and tissue survival in critically ischemic murine skin

Schlosser, Stefan; Spanholtz, Timo; Merz, Katrin; Dennler, Cyrill; Banic, Andrej; Erni, Dominique; Plock, Jan A (2010). The choice of anesthesia influences oxidative energy metabolism and tissue survival in critically ischemic murine skin. Journal of surgical research, 162(2), pp. 308-13. New York, N.Y.: Elsevier 10.1016/j.jss.2009.03.007

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In surgical animal studies anesthesia is used regularly. Several reports in the literature demonstrate respiratory and cardiovascular side effects of anesthesiologic agents. The aim of this study was to compare two frequently used anesthesia cocktails (ketamine/xylazine [KX] versus medetomidine/climazolam/fentanyl [MCF]) in skin flap mouse models. Systemic blood values, local metabolic parameters, and surgical outcome should be analyzed in critical ischemic skin flap models. Systemic hypoxia was found in the animals undergoing KX anesthesia compared with normoxia in the MCF group (sO(2): 89.2% +/- 2.4% versus 98.5% +/- 1.2%, P < 0.01). Analysis of tissue metabolism revealed impaired anaerobic oxygen metabolism and increased cellular damage in critical ischemic flap tissue under KX anesthesia (lactate/pyruvate ratio: KX 349.86 +/- 282.38 versus MCF 64.53 +/- 18.63; P < 0.01 and glycerol: KX 333.50 +/- 83.91 micromol/L versus MCF 195.83 +/- 29.49 micromol/L; P < 0.01). After 6 d, different rates of flap tissue necrosis could be detected (MCF 57% +/- 6% versus KX 68% +/- 6%, P < 0.01). In summary we want to point out that the type of anesthesia, the animal model and the goal of the study have to be well correlated. Comparing the effects of KX and MCF anesthesia in mice on surgical outcome was a novel aspect of our study.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Plastic and Hand Surgery > Hand Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Management
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Plastic and Hand Surgery > Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Schlosser, Stefan; Dennler, Cyrill; Banic, Andrej; Erni, Dominique and Plock, Jan Alexander

ISSN:

0022-4804

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:07

Last Modified:

06 Dec 2013 13:19

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jss.2009.03.007

PubMed ID:

19592025

Web of Science ID:

000280499500025

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/113 (FactScience: 196019)

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