First Characterization of the Neospora caninum Dense Granule Protein GRA9

Leineweber, Margret; Spekker-Bosker, Katrin; Ince, Vanessa; Schares, Gereon; Hemphill, Andrew; Eller, Silvia K; Däubener, Walter (2017). First Characterization of the Neospora caninum Dense Granule Protein GRA9. BioMed research international, 2017, p. 6746437. Hindawi Publishing Corporation 10.1155/2017/6746437

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The obligate intracellular apicomplexan parasiteis closely related to. The dense granules, which are present in all apicomplexan parasites, are important secretory organelles. Dense granule (GRA) proteins are released into the parasitophorous vacuole (PV) following host cell invasion and are known to play important roles in the maintenance of the host-parasite relationship and in the acquisition of nutrients. Here, we provide a detailed characterization of thedense granule protein NcGRA9. The in silico genomic organization and key protein characteristics are described. Immunofluorescence-based localization studies revealed that NcGRA9 is located in the dense granules and is released into the interior of the PV following host cell invasion. Immunogold-electron microscopy confirmed the dense granule localization and showed that NcGRA9 is associated with the intravacuolar network. In addition, NcGRA9 is found in the "excreted secreted antigen" (ESA) fraction of. Furthermore, by analysing the distribution of truncated versions of NcGRA9, we provide evidence that the C-terminal region of this protein is essential for the targeting of NcGRA9 into the dense granules of, and the truncated proteins show reduced secretion.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > Host-Pathogen Interaction
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Parasitology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP)

UniBE Contributor:

Hemphill, Andrew

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

2314-6133

Publisher:

Hindawi Publishing Corporation

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andrew Hemphill

Date Deposited:

16 May 2018 08:40

Last Modified:

25 Oct 2019 01:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1155/2017/6746437

PubMed ID:

29259983

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.113105

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/113105

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