Recovery experiences during vacation and their relation to job stressors and health

Hächler, Pascale; Pereira, Diana; Elfering, Achim (2017). Recovery experiences during vacation and their relation to job stressors and health. Escritos de psicologia / Psychological writings, 10(1), pp. 13-30. Universidad de Màlaga, Facultad de Psicología 10.5231/psy.writ.2017.1001

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Vacations offer opportunities for recovery from work-related stress. However, little is known about the impact of job stressors on recovery experiences during vacation, such as psychological detachment and relaxation. This study investigated detachment and relaxation to mediate the influence of job stressors prior to vacation on recovery during vacation. A total of 136 employees from various occupations completed a questionnaire on their ability to relax and mentally detach from work during a recent vacation. Participants rated perceived time pressure and social exclusion at work prior to their vacation as well as any psychosomatic health complaints or sleep problems during vacation. The results of bootstrap mediation analysis confirmed the mediating role of recovery experiences. The association between job stressors and sleep problems was fully mediated by detachment and relaxation, whereas the association between social exclusion and psychosomatic complaints was fully mediated by relaxation. Furthermore, relaxation partially mediated the association between time pressure and psychosomatic complaints. Not only should the ability of employees to relax and mentally detach be fostered, but job stressors should be reduced in order to allow employees to reach optimal recovery during vacation.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Work and Organisational Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Elfering, Achim


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology




Universidad de Màlaga, Facultad de Psicología




Christine Soltermann

Date Deposited:

28 Mar 2018 11:48

Last Modified:

02 Mar 2023 23:30

Publisher DOI:





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