Nerve-sparing radical cystectomy has a beneficial impact on urinary continence after orthotopic bladder substitution, which becomes even more apparent over time

Furrer, Marc; Studer, Urs E.; Gross, Tobias; Burkhard, Fiona C.; Thalmann, George N.; Nguyen, Daniel Truong Phat (2018). Nerve-sparing radical cystectomy has a beneficial impact on urinary continence after orthotopic bladder substitution, which becomes even more apparent over time. BJU international, 121(6), pp. 935-944. Blackwell Science 10.1111/bju.14123

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OBJECTIVE: To analyse urinary continence in long-term survivors after radical cystectomy (RC) and orthotopic bladder substitution (OBS) according to attempted nerve-sparing (NS) status. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analysed 180 consecutive patients treated at our department between 1985 and 2007, who underwent RC with OBS, and survived ≥10 years after RC. We stratified patients by attempted NS status and evaluated continence outcomes using descriptive statistics and Cox proportional hazards regression models. A secondary analysis evaluated erectile function as a quality control for attempted NS. RESULTS: The median (interquartile range [IQR]) age at RC was 62 (57-71) years. Of 180 patients, attempted NS status was none in 24 (13%), unilateral in 100 (56%), and bilateral in 56 (31%). After a median (IQR) follow-up of 169 (147-210) months, 160 (89%) patients were continent during daytime and 124 (69%) during night-time. In multivariable analysis, any degree of attempted NS was significantly associated with daytime continence (odds ratio [OR] 2.08, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.05-4.11; P = 0.04). Correspondingly, any attempted NS was significantly associated with night-time continence (OR 2.51, 95% CI 1.08-5.85; P = 0.03). Recovery of erectile function at 5 years was also significantly associated with attempted NS (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Nerve-sparing during RC and OBS was associated with better long-term continence outcomes. This becomes more apparent as the patients age with their OBS. We advocate a NS RC whenever an OBS is considered.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Urology

UniBE Contributor:

Furrer, Marc; Gross, Tobias; Burkhard, Fiona C.; Thalmann, George and Nguyen, Daniel Truong Phat

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1464-4096

Publisher:

Blackwell Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Tobias Gross

Date Deposited:

17 Apr 2018 15:32

Last Modified:

09 Jun 2018 01:31

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/bju.14123

PubMed ID:

29319917

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.113241

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/113241

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