Task switching hurts memory encoding

Muhmenthaler, Michèle Christine; Meier, Beat (2019). Task switching hurts memory encoding (In Press). Experimental psychology Hogrefe 10.1027/1618-3169/000431

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Research consistently shows that task switching slows down performance on switch compared to repeat trials, but the consequences on memory are less clear. In the present study, we investigated the impact of task switching on subsequent memory performance. Participants had to switch between two semantic classification tasks. In Experiment 1 the stimuli were univalent, in Experiment 2 the stimuli were bivalent (relevant for both tasks). The aim was to disentangle the conflicts triggered by task switching and bivalency. In both experiments, recognition memory for switch and repeat stimuli was tested subsequently. During encoding, task switching produced switch costs. Critically, subsequent memory was lower for switch compared to repeat stimuli in both experiments, and this effect was increased in Experiment 2 with bivalent material. We suggest that the requirement to switch tasks hurts the encoding of task-relevant information and thus impairs subsequent memory performance.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Cognitive Psychology, Perception and Methodology

UniBE Contributor:

Muhmenthaler, Michèle Christine and Meier, Beat

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

1618-3169

Publisher:

Hogrefe

Language:

English

Submitter:

Michèle Muhmenthaler

Date Deposited:

14 Feb 2019 07:52

Last Modified:

07 Nov 2019 09:54

Publisher DOI:

10.1027/1618-3169/000431

Uncontrolled Keywords:

cognitive control; memory; univalent stimuli; bivalent stimuli; response compatibility, memory selectivity

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.113809

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/113809

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