Effect of unmodelled tidal displacements in GPS and GLONASS coordinate time series

Abraha, K.E.; Teferle, F.N.; Hunegnaw, A.; Dach, Rolf (2018). Effect of unmodelled tidal displacements in GPS and GLONASS coordinate time series. Geophysical journal international, 214(3), pp. 2195-2206. Oxford University Press 10.1093/gji/ggy254

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This study demonstrates the effect of unmodelled (sub-)daily tidal displacement on GLONASS (GLObalnaya NAvigatsionnaya Sputnikovaya Sistema) coordinate time series in comparison with GPS (Global Positioning System). More than two propagated periodic signals appear in GPS and GLONASS coordinate time series in the presence of an unmodelled M2 /O1 tidal displacements. The propagation mechanism of Stewart et al. (2005) explains well most of the periodic signals. At a fortnightly period, an unmodeled M2 tidal displacement propagates into two long-period signals at 13.6x (x is a positive integer) and 14.76 days for GPS, while only a significant propagated periodic signal at 14.76-day is discernible for GLONASS. Similarly, significant propagated periodic signals at 13.6x and 14.19 days for GPS and only at 14.19-day for GLONASS are evident as a result of an unmodeled O1 tidal displacement. However, an unmodeled Mf (long-period) results in a strong power of similar magnitude at 13.6x-day (∼13.66-day) for both GPS and GLONASS solutions. The appearance of different periodic signals but as a result of the same unmodelled tidal displacement is attributed to the different ground repeat periods of the constellations, which is one of the factors of the propagation mechanism from Stewart et al. (2005). The latter explains the reason why the 13.6x-day fortnightly is present only for GPS solutions. Comparing the powers of the M2 aliased periodic signals at 13.6x-day and 14.76-day from a stacked spectra over all stations, the amplitude of the former is larger than the latter by an order of magnitude. The results of this study may infer that the 13.6x-day periodic signal in GPS/GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) derived products of the IGS (International GNSS Service) is a joint contribution of the propagation of unmodelled (sub-)daily tidal displacements and errors at longer periods with the former appearing to contribute more. We also demonstrated that significant reduction of the propagated periodic signals can be achieved from combined-system solutions.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Astronomy

UniBE Contributor:

Dach, Rolf


500 Science > 520 Astronomy




Oxford University Press




Pierre Fridez

Date Deposited:

24 Apr 2018 08:43

Last Modified:

17 Jul 2018 01:31

Publisher DOI:






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