Rapid decline of anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies following early treatment of incident HCV infections in HIV-infected men who have sex with men.

Aebi-Popp, K; Wandeler, G; Salazar Vizcaya, L; Metzner, K; Stöckle, M; Cavassini, M; Hoffmann, M; Lüthi, A; Suter, F; Bernasconi, E; Fehr, J; Furrer, H; Rauch, A (2018). Rapid decline of anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies following early treatment of incident HCV infections in HIV-infected men who have sex with men. HIV medicine, 19(6), pp. 420-425. Blackwell Science 10.1111/hiv.12602

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OBJECTIVES Following clearance of incident hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections, HCV antibody levels may decline, resulting in seroreversion. It is unclear to what extent HCV antibody level trajectories differ between patients with treatment-induced sustained virological response (SVR), those with spontaneous clearance and those with untreated replicating HCV infection. We investigated HCV antibody level dynamics in HIV-infected MSM with different clinical outcomes. METHODS We investigated anti-HCV antibody level dynamics following an incident HCV infection in 67 HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) with different clinical outcomes: SVR (n = 33), spontaneous clearance (n = 12), and untreated replicating infection (n = 22). Antibody levels were measured at the time of HCV diagnosis, and at yearly intervals for 3 years thereafter. RESULTS At baseline, median HCV antibody levels were similar in the three groups: 13.4, 13.8 and 13.5 sample to cut-off (S/CO) for SVR, spontaneous clearance and untreated infection, respectively. Over 3 years of follow-up, SVR was associated with a more pronounced decrease in anti-HCV levels compared with spontaneous clearance and untreated infection [median decline 71% [interquartile range (IQR: 43-87%), 38% (IQR: 29-60%) and 12% (IQR: 9-22%), respectively; P < 0.001]. Seroreversions occurred in five of 33 (15%) patients with SVR and in one of 12 (8%) with spontaneous clearance. A shorter delay between time of infection and treatment start correlated with higher rates of decline in antibody levels. Seven patients experienced a reinfection. CONCLUSIONS Treatment-induced HCV clearance was associated with a more pronounced decline in anti-HCV antibody levels and with higher rates of seroreversion compared with spontaneous clearance or untreated replicating HCV infection among HIV-infected MSM with incident HCV infections. Rapid clearance of HCV RNA following early HCV treatment might impair the development of persistent antibody titres.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

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04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute for Infectious Diseases > Infection Serology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Infectiology

UniBE Contributor:

Aebi-Popp, Karoline; Wandeler, Gilles; Salazar Vizcaya, Luisa Paola; Lüthi, Alexander; Suter, Franziska Marta; Furrer, Hansjakob and Rauch, Andri

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

1464-2662

Publisher:

Blackwell Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Annelies Luginbühl

Date Deposited:

03 Apr 2018 15:03

Last Modified:

31 May 2019 08:20

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/hiv.12602

PubMed ID:

29573533

Uncontrolled Keywords:

HIV antibody titres hepatitis C virus seroreversions viral clearance

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.114184

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/114184

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