Self-learning basic life support: A randomised controlled trial on learning conditions.

Pedersen, Tina Heidi; Kasper, Nina Elisabeth; Hari, Roman; Egloff, Mike; Marx, David; Abegglen, Sandra; Greif, Robert (2018). Self-learning basic life support: A randomised controlled trial on learning conditions. Resuscitation, 126, pp. 147-153. Elsevier Science Ireland 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2018.02.031

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AIM OF THE STUDY To investigate whether pure self-learning without instructor support, resulted in the same BLS-competencies as facilitator-led learning, when using the same commercially available video BLS teaching kit. METHODS First-year medical students were randomised to either BLS self-learning without supervision or facilitator-led BLS-teaching. Both groups used the MiniAnne kit (Laerdal Medical, Stavanger, Norway) in the students' local language. Directly after the teaching and three months later, all participants were tested on their BLS-competencies in a simulated scenario, using the Resusci Anne SkillReporter™ (Laerdal Medical, Stavanger, Norway). The primary outcome was percentage of correct cardiac compressions three months after the teaching. Secondary outcomes were all other BLS parameters recorded by the SkillReporter and parameters from a BLS-competence rating form. RESULTS 240 students were assessed at baseline and 152 students participated in the 3-month follow-up. For our primary outcome, the percentage of correct compressions, we found a median of 48% (interquartile range (IQR) 10-83) for facilitator-led learning vs. 42% (IQR 14-81) for self-learning (p = 0.770) directly after the teaching. In the 3-month follow-up, the rate of correct compressions dropped to 28% (IQR 6-59) for facilitator-led learning (p = 0.043) and did not change significantly in the self-learning group (47% (IQR 12-78), p = 0.729). CONCLUSIONS Self-learning is not inferior to facilitator-led learning in the short term. Self-learning resulted in a better retention of BLS-skills three months after training compared to facilitator-led training.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute of General Practice and Primary Care (BIHAM)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic and Policlinic for Anaesthesiology and Pain Therapy

UniBE Contributor:

Pedersen, Tina Heidi; Kasper, Nina Elisabeth; Hari, Roman; Abegglen, Sandra and Greif, Robert


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services




Elsevier Science Ireland




Jeannie Wurz

Date Deposited:

25 Apr 2018 09:07

Last Modified:

03 Nov 2019 15:03

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Automatic external defibrillator Basic life support Cardiac arrest Cardio pulmonary resuscitation Education Facilitator_led learning Learning Learning methods Self-learning Video




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