Directed acyclic graphs: A tool to identify confounders in orthodontic research, Part I

Al-Jewair, TS; Pandis, Nikolaos; Tu, YK (2017). Directed acyclic graphs: A tool to identify confounders in orthodontic research, Part I. American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics, 151(2), pp. 419-422. Elsevier 10.1016/j.ajodo.2016.11.008

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Confounding is a bias that threatens the validity of causal inferences in a study. Rothman and Greenland1 defined confounding: “A confounding factor must not be affected by the exposure or disease. In particular, it cannot be an intermediate step in the causal pathway between the exposure and the disease.”

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Orthodontics

UniBE Contributor:

Pandis, Nikolaos

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0889-5406

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Renate Imhof-Etter

Date Deposited:

18 Apr 2018 14:32

Last Modified:

18 Apr 2018 14:32

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.ajodo.2016.11.008

PubMed ID:

28153173

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.114339

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/114339

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