Technical note: Reduced pulsation chamber vacuum at normal pulsation rate and ratio provides adequate prestimulation to induce oxytocin release and milk ejection while simultaneous milk flow is prevented.

Neuheuser, Anna-Lena; Belo, Claire; Bruckmaier, Rupert (2017). Technical note: Reduced pulsation chamber vacuum at normal pulsation rate and ratio provides adequate prestimulation to induce oxytocin release and milk ejection while simultaneous milk flow is prevented. Journal of dairy science, 100(10), pp. 8609-8613. American Dairy Science Association 10.3168/jds.2017-12937

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In the present study we investigated the milking characteristics and the oxytocin release in dairy cows milked after either manual prestimulation or a premilking period with pulsating liners at normal pulsation rate (60) and ratio (60:40) while the pulsation chamber vacuum (PCV) was reduced to 20 kPa to prevent the opening of the liners. During the milking trial with 8 cows the PCV reduction was started either before attachment (PCV-1) or immediately after attachment (PCV-2) of the teat cups. Milk yields, total milking times, average milk flows, peak flow rates, the duration of milk flow plateaus, and the duration of milk flow declines did not differ among the 3 treatments. Only the time to reach peak milk flow was prolonged when the vacuum reduction was started after teat cup attachment (PCV-2). In this treatment, milk flow >200 g/min already occurred during the premilking period, resulting in bimodal milk flow curves. In 5 of the 8 cows, plasma oxytocin (OT) concentrations were measured from -2 min before the start of milking until 3 min of milking to compare the OT release in response to manual prestimulation and during PCV-1. In both treatments, OT increased similarly and remained elevated until the end of measurements. Consequently, the areas under the curve of OT concentrations did not differ between treatments. In conclusion, milking performance is similar if milking is performed after manual prestimulation or after normal pulsation at reduced PCV. To prevent milk flow during the prestimulation period, it is of crucial importance to start the reduction of the PCV before cluster attachment.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Veterinary Physiology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Neuheuser, Anna-Lena; Belo, Claire and Bruckmaier, Rupert

Subjects:

500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0022-0302

Publisher:

American Dairy Science Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Hélène Elisabeth Meier

Date Deposited:

19 Jun 2018 17:36

Last Modified:

27 Oct 2019 07:11

Publisher DOI:

10.3168/jds.2017-12937

PubMed ID:

28822550

Uncontrolled Keywords:

dairy cow milking oxytocin prestimulation pulsation

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.114686

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/114686

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