A genome-wide association study of corneal astigmatism: The CREAM Consortium.

Shah, Rupal L; Li, Qing; Zhao, Wanting; Tedja, Milly S; Tideman, J Willem L; Khawaja, Anthony P; Fan, Qiao; Yazar, Seyhan; Williams, Katie M; Verhoeven, Virginie J M; Xie, Jing; Wang, Ya Xing; Hess, Moritz; Nickels, Stefan; Lackner, Karl J; Pärssinen, Olavi; Wedenoja, Juho; Biino, Ginevra; Concas, Maria Pina; Uitterlinden, André; ... (2018). A genome-wide association study of corneal astigmatism: The CREAM Consortium. Molecular vision, 24, pp. 127-142. Emory University

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To identify genes and genetic markers associated with corneal astigmatism.


A meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies (GWASs) of corneal astigmatism undertaken for 14 European ancestry (n=22,250) and 8 Asian ancestry (n=9,120) cohorts was performed by the Consortium for Refractive Error and Myopia. Cases were defined as having >0.75 diopters of corneal astigmatism. Subsequent gene-based and gene-set analyses of the meta-analyzed results of European ancestry cohorts were performed using VEGAS2 and MAGMA software. Additionally, estimates of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based heritability for corneal and refractive astigmatism and the spherical equivalent were calculated for Europeans using LD score regression.


The meta-analysis of all cohorts identified a genome-wide significant locus near the platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha () gene: top SNP: rs7673984, odds ratio=1.12 (95% CI:1.08-1.16), p=5.55×10. No other genome-wide significant loci were identified in the combined analysis or European/Asian ancestry-specific analyses. Gene-based analysis identified three novel candidate genes for corneal astigmatism in Europeans-claudin-7 (), acid phosphatase 2, lysosomal (), and TNF alpha-induced protein 8 like 3 ().


In addition to replicating a previously identified genome-wide significant locus for corneal astigmatism near the gene, gene-based analysis identified three novel candidate genes, , , and , that warrant further investigation to understand their role in the pathogenesis of corneal astigmatism. The much lower number of genetic variants and genes demonstrating an association with corneal astigmatism compared to published spherical equivalent GWAS analyses suggest a greater influence of rare genetic variants, non-additive genetic effects, or environmental factors in the development of astigmatism.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ophthalmology

UniBE Contributor:

Höhn, René Gerhard Joachim


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Emory University




René Gerhard Joachim Höhn

Date Deposited:

30 Apr 2018 09:52

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:12

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