Burden of disease and change in practice in critically ill infants with bronchiolitis.

Schlapbach, Luregn Jan; Straney, Lahn; Gelbart, Ben; Alexander, Janet; Franklin, Donna; Beca, John; Whitty, Jennifer A; Ganu, Subodh; Wilkins, Barry; Slater, Anthony; Croston, Elizabeth; Erickson, Simon; Schibler, Andreas (2017). Burden of disease and change in practice in critically ill infants with bronchiolitis. European respiratory journal, 49(6) European Respiratory Society 10.1183/13993003.01648-2016

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Bronchiolitis represents the most common cause of non-elective admission to paediatric intensive care units (ICUs).We assessed changes in admission rate, respiratory support, and outcomes of infants <24 months with bronchiolitis admitted to ICU between 2002 and 2014 in Australia and New Zealand.During the study period, bronchiolitis was responsible for 9628 (27.6%) of 34 829 non-elective ICU admissions. The estimated population-based ICU admission rate due to bronchiolitis increased by 11.76 per 100 000 each year (95% CI 8.11-15.41). The proportion of bronchiolitis patients requiring intubation decreased from 36.8% in 2002, to 10.8% in 2014 (adjusted OR 0.35, 95% CI 0.27-0.46), whilst a dramatic increase in high-flow nasal cannula therapy use to 72.6% was observed (p<0.001). We observed considerable variability in practice between units, with six-fold differences in risk-adjusted intubation rates that were not explained by ICU type, size, or major patient factors. Annual direct hospitalisation costs due to severe bronchiolitis increased to over USD30 million in 2014.We observed an increasing healthcare burden due to severe bronchiolitis, with a major change in practice in the management from invasive to non-invasive support that suggests thresholds to admittance of bronchiolitis patients to ICU have changed. Future studies should assess strategies for management of bronchiolitis outside ICUs.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine > Paediatric Pneumology

UniBE Contributor:

Schlapbach, Luregn Jan

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0903-1936

Publisher:

European Respiratory Society

Language:

English

Submitter:

Karen Lidzba

Date Deposited:

09 Jul 2018 14:39

Last Modified:

09 Jul 2018 14:39

Publisher DOI:

10.1183/13993003.01648-2016

PubMed ID:

28572120

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/114888

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