Longitudinal analysis of allergen-specific IgE and IgG subclasses as potential predictors of insect bite hypersensitivity following first exposure to Culicoides in Icelandic horses.

Ziegler, Anja; Hamza, Eman; Jonsdottir, Sigridur; Rhyner, Claudio; Wagner, Bettina; Schüpbach, Gertraud Irene; Svansson, Vilhjalmur; Torsteinsdottir, Sigurbjorg; Marti, Eliane Isabelle (2018). Longitudinal analysis of allergen-specific IgE and IgG subclasses as potential predictors of insect bite hypersensitivity following first exposure to Culicoides in Icelandic horses. Veterinary dermatology, 29(1), 51-e22. Blackwell Science 10.1111/vde.12493

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BACKGROUND Insect bite hypersensitivity (IBH) is an allergic dermatitis of horses caused by bites of Culicoides spp. IBH does not occur in Iceland because of the absence of Culicoides, but the prevalence is high in horses imported from Iceland to environments where Culicoides are present. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVE Test, in a longitudinal study before and after Culicoides exposure, whether a primary sensitizing Culicoides allergen can be identified and if an increase of allergen-specific immunoglobulin (Ig)E or IgG subclasses precedes clinical signs of IBH. ANIMALS Thirty two horses imported from Iceland to Europe; 16 developed IBH and 16 remained healthy. METHODS Determination of IgE and IgG subclasses against recombinant (r)-Culicoides allergens and Culicoides extract in sera taken before first exposure to Culicoides and yearly over a period of 3-4 years. RESULTS Before Culicoides exposure, there were no significant differences in Culicoides-specific serum IgE levels between horse that developed IBH or remained healthy. Culicoides exposure induced an individual IgE response pattern (to a median of 4.5 r-allergens) in the IBH but not in the healthy end-point group. The increase in serum IgE levels to Culicoides r-allergens was concurrent with the initial onset of clinical signs of IBH. IBH-affected horses displayed significantly higher allergen-specific IgG1 and IgG5 levels than healthy controls. Recombinant Culicoides obsoletus 1 (Cul o1) and Cul o3-specific IgG5 was significantly higher in the IBH compared to the healthy end-point group, before clinical signs of IBH. CONCLUSION/CLINICAL RELEVANCE Allergen-specific serum IgE cannot be used as predictor for IBH, whereas allergen-specific IgG5 levels may have a predictive value.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Veterinary Public Health Institute
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Experimental Clinical Research
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Ziegler, Anja; Hamza, Eman; Schüpbach, Gertraud Irene and Marti, Eliane Isabelle

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0959-4493

Publisher:

Blackwell Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eliane Isabelle Marti Schalch

Date Deposited:

10 May 2019 12:14

Last Modified:

24 Oct 2019 16:12

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/vde.12493

PubMed ID:

28980353

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.114892

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/114892

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