Transparent ICD and DRG Coding Using Information Technology: Linking and Associating Information Sources with the eXtensible Markup Language

Hoelzer, Simon; Schweiger, Ralf K.; Dudeck, Joachim (2003). Transparent ICD and DRG Coding Using Information Technology: Linking and Associating Information Sources with the eXtensible Markup Language. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 10(5), pp. 463-469. Oxford University Press 10.1197/jamia.M1258

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With the introduction of ICD-10 as the standard for diagnostics, it becomes necessary to develop an electronic representation of its complete content, inherent semantics, and coding rules. The authors' design relates to the current efforts by the CEN/TC 251 to establish a European standard for hierarchical classification systems in health care. The authors have developed an electronic representation of ICD-10 with the eXtensible Markup Language (XML) that facilitates integration into current information systems and coding software, taking different languages and versions into account. In this context, XML provides a complete processing framework of related technologies and standard tools that helps develop interoperable applications. XML provides semantic markup. It allows domain-specific definition of tags and hierarchical document structure. The idea of linking and thus combining information from different sources is a valuable feature of XML. In addition, XML topic maps are used to describe relationships between different sources, or “semantically associated” parts of these sources. The issue of achieving a standardized medical vocabulary becomes more and more important with the stepwise implementation of diagnostically related groups, for example. The aim of the authors' work is to provide a transparent and open infrastructure that can be used to support clinical coding and to develop further software applications. The authors are assuming that a comprehensive representation of the content, structure, inherent semantics, and layout of medical classification systems can be achieved through a document-oriented approach.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


02 Faculty of Law > Management im Gesundheitswesen (MIG)

UniBE Contributor:

Hölzer, Simon


300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services




Oxford University Press




Marceline Brodmann

Date Deposited:

17 Nov 2020 09:59

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:12

Publisher DOI:





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