Pseudomonas aeruginosa cross-colonization and persistence in patients with cystic fibrosis. Use of a DNA probe

Wolz, Christiane; Kiosz, Gerd; Ogle, John W.; Vasil, Michael L.; Schaad, Urs; Botzenhart, Konrad; Döring, Gerd (1989). Pseudomonas aeruginosa cross-colonization and persistence in patients with cystic fibrosis. Use of a DNA probe. Epidemiology and infection, 102(2), pp. 205-214. Cambridge University Press 10.1017/S0950268800029873

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To investigate cross-colonization with and persistence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis (CF). 181 isolates from 76 CF patients were typed using a P. aeruginosa -specific DNA probe. Whereas sibling pairs predominantly harboured genotypically identical P. aeruginosa strains, all of the other patients harboured different strains. Seventy-nine per cent (22/31) of the infected CF patients harboured the same strains at the beginning and the end of a summer camp. A change of strains was seen in 10% (3/31) of the patients at the end of the camp. Forty-six per cent (6/13) of the patients who were apparently initially uninfected, acquired P. aeruginosa by the end of the period. Genotyping proved that strain change or acquisition was due to cross-colonization in four of nine cases. Very little P. aeruginosa was isolated from the inanimate environment. Persistence of P. aeruginosa after a temporary loss due to antibiotic therapy was seen in 12/16 paired patient strains before and after antibiotic therapy. Thus, suppression followed a flare-up seemed to occur in these patients rather than eradication and a new infection. When 35 patients were followed over a period of 6 months, 7 (20%) changed the strain in their sputum. Only one of 43 patients harboured two different P. aeruginosa strains simultaneously over a long period.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

ISSN:

0950-2688

Publisher:

Cambridge University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Marceline Brodmann

Date Deposited:

03 Aug 2020 16:36

Last Modified:

03 Aug 2020 16:36

Publisher DOI:

10.1017/S0950268800029873

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.115092

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/115092

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