Laboratory and intra-oral tests of the degradation of elastic chains

Kuster, R.; Ingervall, B.; Bürgin, W. (1986). Laboratory and intra-oral tests of the degradation of elastic chains. European journal of orthodontics, 8(3), pp. 202-208. Oxford University Press 10.1093/ejo/8.3.202

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Two brands of elastic chain, Alastic (Unitek Co.) and Power Chain II (Ormco Co.), were tested for force development in laboratory and intra-oral experiments.
During the laboratory test, the chains were extended to 180 and 215 per cent of their original passive length and the force exerted at this length was measured at the start and after 15 minutes, 2, 8 and 24 hours, 3 days and 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks of continuous extension. The two brands behaved similarly. After 4 weeks, they had lost 25–30 per cent of their initial force. The decrease of the force value was greatest in the beginning of the test period, with a decline of 6–11 per cent during the first 15 minutes and 10–16 per cent during the first 2 hours.
The intra-oral tests were performed in 10–25 subjects, who wore the elastic chains continuously for up to 4 weeks. The chains were extended up to 200 per cent of their original passive length. In one test, the force development was measured at the start and after 8 and 24 hours, 5 days and 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks. In two other tests the force was measured after 1 day and 4 weeks, respectively.
The two brands behaved similarly. The decline of the force value during intra-oral use was greater than in the laboratory tests. After 4 weeks, the force was only 43–52 per cent of the original value. The decline was greatest in the initial phase after insertion; after 8 hours the force had declined by 28–34 per cent. Thus, an initial force of 300g was reduced to 200g after 8 hours and to less than 150g after 4 weeks: in no specimen was the force after 4 weeks less than 100g.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Orthodontics

UniBE Contributor:

Ingervall, Bengt Filip and Bürgin-Mumenthaler, Walter Bruno

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0141-5387

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Marceline Brodmann

Date Deposited:

05 Aug 2020 14:19

Last Modified:

05 Aug 2020 14:19

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/ejo/8.3.202

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.115156

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/115156

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