Survival and graft function in a large animal lung transplant model after 30 h preservation and substitution of the nitric oxide pathway

Hillinger, Sven; Sandera, Peter; Carboni, Giovanni L.; Stammberger, Uz; Zalunardo, Marco; Schoedon, Gabriele; Schmid, Ralph A. (2001). Survival and graft function in a large animal lung transplant model after 30 h preservation and substitution of the nitric oxide pathway. European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery, 20(3), pp. 508-513. Elsevier Science B.V. 10.1016/S1010-7940(01)00820-X

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Objective: Substitution of the nitric oxide- (NO-) pathway improves early graft function following lung transplantation. We previously demonstrated that 8-Br-cGMP (second messenger of NO) to the flush solution and tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4, coenzyme of NO synthase) given as additive during reperfusion improve post-transplant graft function. In the present study, the combined treatment with 8-Br-cGMP and BH4 was evaluated. Methods: Unilateral left lung transplantation was performed in weight matched outbred pigs (24–31 kg). In group I, grafts were preserved for 30 h (n=5). 8-Br-cGMP (1 mg/kg) was added to the flush solution (Perfadex™, 1.5 l, 1°C) and BH4 (10 mg/kg/h) was given to the recipient for 5 h after reperfusion. In group II, lungs were transplanted after a preservation time of 30 h (n=3) and prostaglandin E1 (250 g) was given into the pulmonary artery (PA) prior to flush. In all recipients 1 h after reperfusion the contralateral right PA and bronchus were ligated to assess graft function only. Survival time after reperfusion, extravascular lung water index (EVLWI), hemodynamic variables, and gas exchange (PaO2) were assessed during a 12 h observation period. Results: All recipients in group I survived the 12 h assessment, whereas none of the group II animals survived more than 4 h after reperfusion with a rapid increase of EVLWI up to 24.8±6.7 ml/kg. In contrast, in group I EVLWI reached up to 8.9±1.5 ml/kg and returned to nearly normal levels at 12 h (6.1±0.8 ml/kg). In two animals of group I the gas exchange deteriorated slightly. The other three animals showed normal arterial oxygenation over the entire observation time. Conclusion: Our data indicate that the combined substitution of the NO pathway during preservation and reperfusion reduces ischemia/reperfusion injury substantially and that this treatment even allows lung transplantation after 30 h preservation in this model.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Thoracic Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Carboni, Giovanni Luca; Stammberger, Uz Martin and Schmid, Ralph


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Elsevier Science B.V.




Marceline Brodmann

Date Deposited:

07 Oct 2020 09:51

Last Modified:

07 Oct 2020 10:33

Publisher DOI:





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