Fibronectin-Cleaving Activity in Bronchial Secretions of Patients with Cystic Fibrosis

Suter, Susanne; Schaad, U. B.; Morgenthaler, J. J.; Chevallier, I.; Schnebli, H. P. (1988). Fibronectin-Cleaving Activity in Bronchial Secretions of Patients with Cystic Fibrosis. Journal of infectious diseases, 158(1), pp. 89-100. The University Chicago Press 10.1093/infdis/158.1.89

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In cystic fibrosis, colonization of the airways with Pseudomonas aeruginosa follows colonization with Staphylococcus aureus and is related to accelerated deterioration of pulmonary function. Because P. aeruginosa adheres better to cell surfaces devoid of fibronectin, we searched for fibronectin-cleaving activity in bronchial secretions and saliva from 24 patients with cystic fibrosis who were followed up for 4.5 y and from two control groups. Proteolytic activity against 125I-labeled fibronectin wascontinuously present in cystic fibrosis bronchial secretions; significantly higher fibronectin-cleaving activity was found in older vs. younger patients, in patients with advanced disease stages determined by a five-stage scoring system, and in those colonized with P. aeruginosa. The fibronectin-cleaving activity was due to neutrophil elastase and cathepsin G. Cystic fibrosis bronchial secretions had proteolytic activity against surface fibronectin of airway mucosal cells. Thus fibronectin-cleaving activity of bronchial secretions rather than of saliva may favor P. aeruginosa colonization of the upper respiratory tract in individuals with cystic fibrosis.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

ISSN:

0022-1899

Publisher:

The University Chicago Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Marceline Brodmann

Date Deposited:

08 Oct 2020 16:31

Last Modified:

08 Oct 2020 16:31

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/infdis/158.1.89

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.115633

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/115633

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