Collateral and collateral-adjacent hyperemic vascular resistance changes and the ipsilateral coronary flow reserve

Billinger, Michael; Fleisch, Martin; Eberli, Franz R.; Meier, Bernhard; Seiler, Christian (2001). Collateral and collateral-adjacent hyperemic vascular resistance changes and the ipsilateral coronary flow reserve. Cardiovascular research, 49(3), pp. 600-608. Elsevier Science 10.1016/S0008-6363(00)00175-9

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Objectives: The goal of this clinical study was to assess the influence of hyperemic ipsilateral, collateral and contralateral vascular resistance changes on the coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) of the collateral-receiving (i.e. ipsilateral) artery, and to test the validity of a model describing the development of collateral steal. Methods: In 20 patients with one- to two-vessel coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing angioplasty of one stenotic lesion, adenosine induced intracoronary (i.c.) CFVR during vessel patency was measured using a Doppler guidewire. During stenosis occlusion, simultaneous i.c. distal ipsilateral flow velocity and pressure (Poccl, using a pressure guidewire) as well as contralateral flow velocity measurements via a third i.c. wire were performed before and during intravenous adenosine. From those measurements and simultaneous mean aortic pressure (Pao), a collateral flow index (CFI), and the ipsilateral, collateral, and contralateral vascular resistance index (Ripsi, Rcoll, Rcontra) were calculated. The study population was subdivided into groups with CFI<0.15 and with CFI≥0.15. Results: The percentage-diameter coronary artery stenosis (%-S) to be dilated was similar in the two groups: 78±10% versus 82±12% (NS). CFVR was not associated with %-S. In the group with CFI≥0.15 but not with CFI<0.15, CFVR was directly and inversely associated with Rcoll and Rcontra, respectively. Conclusions: A hemodynamic interaction between adjacent vascular territories can be documented in patients with CAD and well developed collaterals among those regions. The CFVR of a collateralized region may, thus, be more dependent on hyperemic vascular resistance changes of the collateral and collateral-supplying area than on the ipsilateral stenosis severity, and may even fall below 1.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Billinger, Michael; Eberli, Franz; Meier, Bernhard and Seiler, Christian


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Elsevier Science




Marceline Brodmann

Date Deposited:

01 Oct 2020 15:36

Last Modified:

10 Mar 2021 01:30

Publisher DOI:





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