Patients' anticipation of pain and pain-related side effects, and their perception of pain as a result of orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances

Firestone, Allen R.; Scheurer, Philipp A.; Bürgin, Walter B. (1999). Patients' anticipation of pain and pain-related side effects, and their perception of pain as a result of orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. European journal of orthodontics, 21(4), pp. 387-396. Oxford University Press 10.1093/ejo/21.4.387

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The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between (i) the pain and its side effects, anticipated by patients before orthodontic therapy, and (ii) the reported pain and its effects after the placement of initial archwires. Before treatment, 50 adolescent patients (median age 13.6 years, range 8.9-39.3 years, 28 female, 22 male) completed a questionnaire concerning their facial and dental appearance, and their expectations regarding pain, its influence on their daily lives, and changes in their facial and dental appearance as a result of orthodontic treatment. In the week following insertion of the initial archwires the patients completed a series of eight questionnaires, where they reported the level of pain experienced and its influence on their daily lives. In the week after archwire insertion, the maximum pain levels reported did not differ statistically from the anticipated pain levels. Patients significantly under-estimated the changes they would have to make in their diet as a response to pain after archwire insertion. Patients who anticipated a greater effect of pain on their leisure activities and those who had a history of frequent headaches reported higher levels of pain and more disruption of their daily lives as a result of pain. This pattern of response is consistent with a medical model where anxious patients and those with a history of chronic pain reported more pain after surgery.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Orthodontics

UniBE Contributor:

Bürgin-Mumenthaler, Walter Bruno

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0141-5387

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Marceline Brodmann

Date Deposited:

05 Aug 2020 16:06

Last Modified:

05 Aug 2020 16:06

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/ejo/21.4.387

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.115882

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/115882

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