Cheek and tongue pressures in the molar areas and the atmospheric pressure in the palatal vault in young adults

Thüer, Urs; Sieber, Robert; Ingervall, Bengt (1999). Cheek and tongue pressures in the molar areas and the atmospheric pressure in the palatal vault in young adults. European journal of orthodontics, 21(3), pp. 299-309. Oxford University Press 10.1093/ejo/21.3.299

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The pressures acting on the maxillary and mandibular posterior teeth from the tongue and cheeks were measured in 24 adults aged 22–29 years. In addition, the pressure in the palatal vault was recorded.
The pressure at two maxillary (buccal and lingual) and two mandibular (buccal and lingual) measuring points, and in the palatal vault was recorded simultaneously. Repeated recordings of the pressures at rest, and during chewing and swallowing were made.
The pressures at rest were of similar magnitude (about 2 g/cm2) at the buccal and lingual sides of the mandibular posterior teeth. The median resting pressure at the maxillary posterior teeth was 2.7 g/cm2 on the buccal side and 1.0 g/cm2 on the lingual side. The difference in the maxilla was significant, but not in the mandible. It was concluded that the equilibrium of tooth position is maintained by the pressure from the cheeks and the tongue.
During chewing and swallowing the pressures on the lingual side of the teeth were greater than those on the buccal side.
At rest about half of the subjects had a negative pressure at the palatal vault, but no correlations between the resting pressure at the palatal vault and the resting pressures on the teeth were found.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Orthodontics

UniBE Contributor:

Thüer, Urs Walter and Ingervall, Bengt Filip


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Oxford University Press




Marceline Brodmann

Date Deposited:

05 Aug 2020 13:11

Last Modified:

05 Aug 2020 13:11

Publisher DOI:





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