The copper axe blade of Zug-Riedmatt, Canton of Zug, Switzerland - a key to chronology and metallurgy in the second half of the fourth millennium BC

Gross, Eda; Schaeren, Gishan; Villa, Igor Maria (2017). The copper axe blade of Zug-Riedmatt, Canton of Zug, Switzerland - a key to chronology and metallurgy in the second half of the fourth millennium BC. Archäologische Informationen, 40, pp. 213-227. Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ur- und Frühgeschichte e.V. 10.11588/ai.2017.1.42486

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The copper axe blade discovered in the pile dwelling site of Zug-Riedmatt is one of the few Neolithic copper axe blades in Europe that can be dated with certainty. The blade's form shape and its metal composition suggest that it is connected both to the South – more specifically to Copper Age cultures in northern Italy and southern Tuscany – and to the copper axe of the famous ice mummy of the Tisenjoch (called 'the Iceman' or 'Ötzi'). We were able to confirm this connection to the South by measuring the lead isotopic composition of the blade, which traces the blade's origin to Southern Tuscany. Due to these links to the South, the copper axe blade of Zug-Riedmatt can be described as a key to in the understanding of the Neolithic metallurgy north of the Alps in the second half of the fourth millennium BC. As the classification of the blade will have far-reaching consequences in regard to chronology and cultural history, we haveit has been decided to make the results of our analyses available as quickly immediately as possible – even if this means that at this point only for now we can only discuss some basic results and assumptions about the blade's context can be discussed.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Villa, Igor Maria

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology
900 History > 930 History of ancient world (to ca. 499)

ISSN:

2197-7429

Publisher:

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ur- und Frühgeschichte e.V.

Language:

German

Submitter:

Igor Maria Villa-Toscani

Date Deposited:

15 Jun 2018 10:31

Last Modified:

24 Oct 2019 03:04

Publisher DOI:

10.11588/ai.2017.1.42486

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.116187

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/116187

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